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Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Klein, M., Department of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Purcell, A.H., Department of Entomological Sciences, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States
Injections into 4th instar larvae of Galleria mellonella using either in vitro or in vivo inoculum of the BR-6 isolate of Spiroplasma citri, propagated for one to nine passages, caused 5.7 to 24.7% mortality. Weight gain of the larvae injected at their 4th, 5th, and 6th instar was reduced in the first 4 days after inoculation but final pupal weight of the survivors was not significantly affected. Fourth instar larvae pupated within 10 days after the injection, but more larvae (6-13%) injected with 5th- to 9th-passage cultures pupated 5 or more days later than did larvae injected with 1st to 4th-passage cultures (0-3%). As many as one-third of the injected larvae developed into deformed pupae, with some external appendages missing or with a reduced and distorted thorax or abdomen with uneven tanning of the integument. Spiroplasma multiplied to dense concentrations (108 to 109/ml) in hemolymph smears from injected larvae incubated under oil. Larvae of Tenebrio molitor were not susceptible to S. citri by injection or feeding and G. mellonella were not susceptible by feeding. Transmissibility of S. citri by leafhopper vector to celery and periwinkle plants was retained after propagation for nine successive passages during 7 months in a nonhost insect such as Galleria. © 1987.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Response of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Spiroplasma citri inoculation
50
Klein, M., Department of Entomology, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50 250, Israel
Purcell, A.H., Department of Entomological Sciences, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States
Response of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Spiroplasma citri inoculation
Injections into 4th instar larvae of Galleria mellonella using either in vitro or in vivo inoculum of the BR-6 isolate of Spiroplasma citri, propagated for one to nine passages, caused 5.7 to 24.7% mortality. Weight gain of the larvae injected at their 4th, 5th, and 6th instar was reduced in the first 4 days after inoculation but final pupal weight of the survivors was not significantly affected. Fourth instar larvae pupated within 10 days after the injection, but more larvae (6-13%) injected with 5th- to 9th-passage cultures pupated 5 or more days later than did larvae injected with 1st to 4th-passage cultures (0-3%). As many as one-third of the injected larvae developed into deformed pupae, with some external appendages missing or with a reduced and distorted thorax or abdomen with uneven tanning of the integument. Spiroplasma multiplied to dense concentrations (108 to 109/ml) in hemolymph smears from injected larvae incubated under oil. Larvae of Tenebrio molitor were not susceptible to S. citri by injection or feeding and G. mellonella were not susceptible by feeding. Transmissibility of S. citri by leafhopper vector to celery and periwinkle plants was retained after propagation for nine successive passages during 7 months in a nonhost insect such as Galleria. © 1987.
Scientific Publication
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