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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effect of modified atmosphere for control of black spot, caused by Alternaria alternata, on stored persimmon fruits
Year:
1997
Source of publication :
Phytopathology
Authors :
זוטחי, יוחנן
;
.
פרוסקי, דב
;
.
Volume :
87
Co-Authors:
Prusky, D., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Perez, A., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zutkhi, Y., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
203
To page:
208
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) of persimmon fruit resulted in the accumulation of acetaldehyde to a level of 80 μg/ml; ethanol to a level of 900 μg/ml; and CO2 up to 30%. When fruits were stored at -1°C for 4 months in such atmospheres, the incidence of black spot disease, caused by Alternaria alternata, was reduced. The effects of each of these gases were examined to determine their individual involvement in the inhibition of Alternaria development during storage. When A. alternata, grown at 20°C on potato dextrose agar or inoculated in persimmon fruit, was exposed for 24 h to different levels of each volatile, acetaldehyde was the most fungistatic but only at concentrations higher than those that accumulated under MAP; CO2 was moderately inhibitory at concentrations from 10 to 60%, whereas ethanol had no effect. Similar inhibitory effects were obtained with acetaldehyde at 620 μg/ml or 30% CO2 when in vitro cultures of A. alternata and infected fruits were exposed for up to 2 weeks at 20°C, but 1,000 μg of ethanol per ml had only a transitory inhibitory effect under these conditions. Based on analysis of the effect of concentration versus time for each gas accumulating in MAP, we suggest that the increasing concentration of CO2 during storage is the principal factor in the inhibition of black spot disease development.
Note:
Related Files :
Alternaria alternata
Postharvest diseases
Storage diseases
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29664
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:48
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Scientific Publication
Effect of modified atmosphere for control of black spot, caused by Alternaria alternata, on stored persimmon fruits
87
Prusky, D., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Perez, A., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zutkhi, Y., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Dept. Postharvest Sci. Fresh Produce, Volcani Center ARO, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Effect of modified atmosphere for control of black spot, caused by Alternaria alternata, on stored persimmon fruits
Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) of persimmon fruit resulted in the accumulation of acetaldehyde to a level of 80 μg/ml; ethanol to a level of 900 μg/ml; and CO2 up to 30%. When fruits were stored at -1°C for 4 months in such atmospheres, the incidence of black spot disease, caused by Alternaria alternata, was reduced. The effects of each of these gases were examined to determine their individual involvement in the inhibition of Alternaria development during storage. When A. alternata, grown at 20°C on potato dextrose agar or inoculated in persimmon fruit, was exposed for 24 h to different levels of each volatile, acetaldehyde was the most fungistatic but only at concentrations higher than those that accumulated under MAP; CO2 was moderately inhibitory at concentrations from 10 to 60%, whereas ethanol had no effect. Similar inhibitory effects were obtained with acetaldehyde at 620 μg/ml or 30% CO2 when in vitro cultures of A. alternata and infected fruits were exposed for up to 2 weeks at 20°C, but 1,000 μg of ethanol per ml had only a transitory inhibitory effect under these conditions. Based on analysis of the effect of concentration versus time for each gas accumulating in MAP, we suggest that the increasing concentration of CO2 during storage is the principal factor in the inhibition of black spot disease development.
Scientific Publication
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