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Plant Molecular Biology
Heimer, Y.M., Plant Adaptation Research Unit, J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker, 84493, Israel
Brusslan, J.A., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
Kenigsbuch, D., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
Tobin, E.M., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
One approach towards understanding the transduction pathways of phytochromes is the selection of mutants impaired in various steps. We report here the construction of an inducible counter-selection system for such mutants employing the enzyme nitrate reductase. This enzyme can convert the benign substrate analogue chlorate to the toxic product chlorite, resulting in severe growth inhibition. An Arabidopsis thaliana nitrate reductase gene (Nia1*2) was placed under the regulation of an Arabidopsis thaliana light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein (Lhcb1*3) promoter that is phytochrome-responsive. The chimeric Lhcb::Nia gene was transformed into A. thaliana. Homozygous transformant lines were selected and grown in the absence of nitrate and the presence of L-glutamine, conditions that substantially inhibited the expression of the endogenous nitrate reductase genes. In darkness seedlings of the trans-formed lines were resistant to chlorate; however, when seedlings were grown with intermittent red light, increased sensitivity to chlorate was observed. This sensitivity was correlated with an increase in both Nia1*2 RNA levels and nitrate reductase activity. The resistant seedlings were clearly distinguishable from the sensitive ones based on hypocotyl length, with no overlap in this parameter between the two populations. Thus, this system should allow for the selection of mutants that are impaired in phytochrome regulation of the transcription of Lhcb genes. © 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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A chimeric Lhcb::Nia gene: an inducible counter selection system for mutants in the phytochrome signal transduction pathway
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Heimer, Y.M., Plant Adaptation Research Unit, J. Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boker, 84493, Israel
Brusslan, J.A., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
Kenigsbuch, D., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
Tobin, E.M., Department of Biology, University of California Los Angeles, CA, 90024, United States
A chimeric Lhcb::Nia gene: an inducible counter selection system for mutants in the phytochrome signal transduction pathway
One approach towards understanding the transduction pathways of phytochromes is the selection of mutants impaired in various steps. We report here the construction of an inducible counter-selection system for such mutants employing the enzyme nitrate reductase. This enzyme can convert the benign substrate analogue chlorate to the toxic product chlorite, resulting in severe growth inhibition. An Arabidopsis thaliana nitrate reductase gene (Nia1*2) was placed under the regulation of an Arabidopsis thaliana light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein (Lhcb1*3) promoter that is phytochrome-responsive. The chimeric Lhcb::Nia gene was transformed into A. thaliana. Homozygous transformant lines were selected and grown in the absence of nitrate and the presence of L-glutamine, conditions that substantially inhibited the expression of the endogenous nitrate reductase genes. In darkness seedlings of the trans-formed lines were resistant to chlorate; however, when seedlings were grown with intermittent red light, increased sensitivity to chlorate was observed. This sensitivity was correlated with an increase in both Nia1*2 RNA levels and nitrate reductase activity. The resistant seedlings were clearly distinguishable from the sensitive ones based on hypocotyl length, with no overlap in this parameter between the two populations. Thus, this system should allow for the selection of mutants that are impaired in phytochrome regulation of the transcription of Lhcb genes. © 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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