חיפוש מתקדם
Soil Science
Nadler, A., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Magaritz, M., Environmental Science and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Leib, L., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
High application rates (50–200 mg Kg−1soil) and strong adsorption to soil aggregates severely limit polyacrylamide (PAM) application as a soil conditioner below the top soil. Limited penetration, 0 to 20 cm, was obtained upon introducing tritium-labeled PAM-2J into a clayey and sandy loam, respectively. This low penetration rate is related to the adsorption of the polymer to the surface of soil particles. This study tested the potential effect of modifying PAM application management by lowering the viscosity of the applied PAM solution, thus increasing the efficiency of polymer subsurface penetration under reduced application rates. One way of enhancing PAM penetrability may be a temporary reduction in adsorption. A significant reduction (up to five fold) in the viscosity of polymer solution flowing through narrow capillaries, caused by the addition of NaCl or CaCl2to the solution, was observed in the laboratory. The application of PAM affected soil structure by redistributing soil pore sizes, as indicated by changes in water content under different pressures. © 1994 Williams & Wilkins.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
PAM application techniques and mobility in soil
158
Nadler, A., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Magaritz, M., Environmental Science and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Leib, L., Institute of Soils and Water, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
PAM application techniques and mobility in soil
High application rates (50–200 mg Kg−1soil) and strong adsorption to soil aggregates severely limit polyacrylamide (PAM) application as a soil conditioner below the top soil. Limited penetration, 0 to 20 cm, was obtained upon introducing tritium-labeled PAM-2J into a clayey and sandy loam, respectively. This low penetration rate is related to the adsorption of the polymer to the surface of soil particles. This study tested the potential effect of modifying PAM application management by lowering the viscosity of the applied PAM solution, thus increasing the efficiency of polymer subsurface penetration under reduced application rates. One way of enhancing PAM penetrability may be a temporary reduction in adsorption. A significant reduction (up to five fold) in the viscosity of polymer solution flowing through narrow capillaries, caused by the addition of NaCl or CaCl2to the solution, was observed in the laboratory. The application of PAM affected soil structure by redistributing soil pore sizes, as indicated by changes in water content under different pressures. © 1994 Williams & Wilkins.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in