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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Phenylalanine and tyrosine levels are rate-limiting factors in production of health promoting metabolites in Vitis vinifera cv. Gamay Red cell suspension
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Frontiers in Plant Science
Authors :
אורן-שמיר, מיכל
;
.
מנלה, נטע
;
.
עובדיה, רינת
;
.
פרל, אבי
;
.
Volume :
6
Co-Authors:
Manela, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Oliva, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Science, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Ovadia, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Sikron-Persi, N., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Ayenew, B., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Fait, A., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Galili, G., Department of Plant Science, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Perl, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Weiss, D., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Oren-Shamir, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
To page:
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:
Environmental stresses such as high light intensity and temperature cause induction of the shikimate pathway, aromatic amino acids (AAA) pathways, and of pathways downstream from AAAs. The induction leads to production of specialized metabolites that protect the cells from oxidative damage. The regulation of the diverse AAA derived pathways is still not well understood. To gain insight on that regulation, we increased AAA production in red grape Vitis vinifera cv. Gamay Red cell suspension, without inducing external stress on the cells, and characterized the metabolic effect of this induction. Increased AAA production was achieved by expressing a feedback-insensitive bacterial form of 3-deoxy- D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase enzyme (AroG*) of the shikimate pathway under a constitutive promoter. The presence of AroG* protein led to elevated levels of primary metabolites in the shikimate and AAA pathways including phenylalanine and tyrosine, and to a dramatic increase in phenylpropanoids. The AroG* transformed lines accumulated up to 20 and 150 fold higher levels of resveratrol and dihydroquercetin, respectively. Quercetin, formed from dihydroquercetin, and resveratrol, are health promoting metabolites that are induced due to environmental stresses. Testing the expression level of key genes along the stilbenoids, benzenoids, and phenylpropanoid pathways showed that transcription was not affected by AroG*. This suggests that concentrations of AAAs, and of phenylalanine in particular, are rate-limiting in production of these metabolites. In contrast, increased phenylalanine production did not lead to elevated concentrations of anthocyanins, even though they are also phenylpropanoid metabolites. This suggests a control mechanism of this pathway that is independent of AAA concentration. Interestingly, total anthocyanin concentrations were slightly lower in AroG* cells, and the relative frequencies of the different anthocyanins changed as well. © 2015 Manela, Oliva, Ovadia, Sikron-Persi, Ayenew, Fait, Galili, Perl, Weiss and Oren-Shamir.
Note:
Related Files :
Bacteria (microorganisms)
DAHPS
Grape cell suspension
Phenylalanine
Phenylpropanoids
tyrosine
Vitaceae
Vitis vinifera
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.3389/fpls.2015.00538
Article number:
538
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
29929
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:50
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Scientific Publication
Phenylalanine and tyrosine levels are rate-limiting factors in production of health promoting metabolites in Vitis vinifera cv. Gamay Red cell suspension
6
Manela, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Oliva, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Science, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Ovadia, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Sikron-Persi, N., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Ayenew, B., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Fait, A., Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Beersheba, Israel
Galili, G., Department of Plant Science, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Perl, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Weiss, D., Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Oren-Shamir, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Phenylalanine and tyrosine levels are rate-limiting factors in production of health promoting metabolites in Vitis vinifera cv. Gamay Red cell suspension
Environmental stresses such as high light intensity and temperature cause induction of the shikimate pathway, aromatic amino acids (AAA) pathways, and of pathways downstream from AAAs. The induction leads to production of specialized metabolites that protect the cells from oxidative damage. The regulation of the diverse AAA derived pathways is still not well understood. To gain insight on that regulation, we increased AAA production in red grape Vitis vinifera cv. Gamay Red cell suspension, without inducing external stress on the cells, and characterized the metabolic effect of this induction. Increased AAA production was achieved by expressing a feedback-insensitive bacterial form of 3-deoxy- D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase enzyme (AroG*) of the shikimate pathway under a constitutive promoter. The presence of AroG* protein led to elevated levels of primary metabolites in the shikimate and AAA pathways including phenylalanine and tyrosine, and to a dramatic increase in phenylpropanoids. The AroG* transformed lines accumulated up to 20 and 150 fold higher levels of resveratrol and dihydroquercetin, respectively. Quercetin, formed from dihydroquercetin, and resveratrol, are health promoting metabolites that are induced due to environmental stresses. Testing the expression level of key genes along the stilbenoids, benzenoids, and phenylpropanoid pathways showed that transcription was not affected by AroG*. This suggests that concentrations of AAAs, and of phenylalanine in particular, are rate-limiting in production of these metabolites. In contrast, increased phenylalanine production did not lead to elevated concentrations of anthocyanins, even though they are also phenylpropanoid metabolites. This suggests a control mechanism of this pathway that is independent of AAA concentration. Interestingly, total anthocyanin concentrations were slightly lower in AroG* cells, and the relative frequencies of the different anthocyanins changed as well. © 2015 Manela, Oliva, Ovadia, Sikron-Persi, Ayenew, Fait, Galili, Perl, Weiss and Oren-Shamir.
Scientific Publication
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