חיפוש מתקדם
Poultry Science
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, E., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Stern, T., Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, PO Box 26, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Embryo development is a dynamic process, determined by both the genetic background of the organism and the environment in which it develops. Environmental alterations during an organism's embryogenesis may induce changes in the development of some physiological regulatory systems, thereby causing permanent phenotypic changes in the embryo. The present study aimed to assess the effect of 17% O 2 concentration during chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) development on a) CAM development, b) cardiovascular parameters, and c) embryo development postexposure and up to hatch. Two replicated trials, each with 840 fertile Cobb eggs, were conducted. At embryonic d 5 (E5) eggs were divided into 2 treatments: 1) control, and 2) 17% O 2 concentration for 12 h/d from E5 through E12 (12H). The 12H embryos exhibited a clear and significant increase in the vascular area of the CAM, which grew to 6.8% larger than that of the control. Hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, as measured on E13 and E14, increased in response to the hypoxic treatments, but these differences were not maintained subsequently. Heart rate and relative heart weight were not affected by hypoxic exposure, but eggshell temperature in the 12H treatment was higher than that of the control, indicating higher heat production, which is consistent with the elevated plasma concentrations of triiodothyronine and thyroxin and with the enhanced oxygen consumption and residual yolk intake rate that followed exposure to hypoxic conditions. These findings indicate that embryos adapted to hypoxic condition enhance angiogenesis processes, which subsequently increase their blood oxygen-carrying capacity, enabling the increase of oxygen consumption, which positively affects their growth development and maturation compared with the control embryos. Such alterations may affect posthatch performance and the ability of broilers cardiovascular system to meet elevated oxygen demand. © 2012 Poultry Science Association Inc.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Reduced O 2 concentration during CAM development - Its effect on physiological parameters of broiler embryos
91
Druyan, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Levi, E., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shinder, D., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Stern, T., Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, PO Box 26, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Reduced O 2 concentration during CAM development - Its effect on physiological parameters of broiler embryos
Embryo development is a dynamic process, determined by both the genetic background of the organism and the environment in which it develops. Environmental alterations during an organism's embryogenesis may induce changes in the development of some physiological regulatory systems, thereby causing permanent phenotypic changes in the embryo. The present study aimed to assess the effect of 17% O 2 concentration during chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) development on a) CAM development, b) cardiovascular parameters, and c) embryo development postexposure and up to hatch. Two replicated trials, each with 840 fertile Cobb eggs, were conducted. At embryonic d 5 (E5) eggs were divided into 2 treatments: 1) control, and 2) 17% O 2 concentration for 12 h/d from E5 through E12 (12H). The 12H embryos exhibited a clear and significant increase in the vascular area of the CAM, which grew to 6.8% larger than that of the control. Hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, as measured on E13 and E14, increased in response to the hypoxic treatments, but these differences were not maintained subsequently. Heart rate and relative heart weight were not affected by hypoxic exposure, but eggshell temperature in the 12H treatment was higher than that of the control, indicating higher heat production, which is consistent with the elevated plasma concentrations of triiodothyronine and thyroxin and with the enhanced oxygen consumption and residual yolk intake rate that followed exposure to hypoxic conditions. These findings indicate that embryos adapted to hypoxic condition enhance angiogenesis processes, which subsequently increase their blood oxygen-carrying capacity, enabling the increase of oxygen consumption, which positively affects their growth development and maturation compared with the control embryos. Such alterations may affect posthatch performance and the ability of broilers cardiovascular system to meet elevated oxygen demand. © 2012 Poultry Science Association Inc.
Scientific Publication
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