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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Dealkylation of various 14-alkylsterols by the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans
Year:
1985
Source of publication :
Lipids
Authors :
סבובודה, ג'יימס
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:
Lozano, R., Department of Botany, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, MD, United States
Lusby, W.R., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Chitwood, D.J., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Svoboda, J.A., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
102
To page:
107
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The metabolism of 4 dietary 24-alkylsterols was investigated in the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The major unesterified sterols of C. elegans in media supplemented with either campesterol, 22-dihydrobrassicasterol or stigmasterol included cholesta-5,7-dienol, cholesterol, cholest-7-enol, and 4α-methylcholest-8(14)-enol. Dietary stigmastanol yielded cholest-7-enol, cholestanol, cholest-8(14)-enol, and 4α-methylcholest-8(14)-enol as major unesterified sterols. Esterified sterols comprised less than 22% of the total sterol. Removal of a C-24 ethyl substituent of sterols was neither hindered by the presence of a Δ22-bond in the sterol side chain nor was it depedent on unsaturation in ring B of the steroid nucleus. C. elegans reduced a Δ22-bond during its metabolism of stigmasterol; it did not introduce a Δ22-bond during stigmastanol metabolism. C. elegans was capable of removing a C-24 methyl substituent regardless of its stereochemical orientation. Metabolic processes involving the steroid ring system of cholesterol (C-7 dehydrogenation, Δ5-bond, 4α-methylation, Δ8(14)-isomerization in C. elegans were not hindered by the presence of a 24-methyl group; various 24-methylsterol metabolites from campesterol were detected, mostly 24-methylcholesta-5,7-dienol. In contrast, no 24-ethylsterol metabolites from the dietary ethylsterols were found. More dietary 24-methylsterol remained unmetabolized than did dietary 24-ethylsterol. A 24α-ethyl group and a 24β-methyl group were dealkylated to a greater extent by C. elegans than was a 24α-methyl group, perhaps reflecting the substrate specificity of the dealkylation enzyme system, or suggesting different enzymes altogether. © 1985 American Oil Chemists' Society.
Note:
Related Files :
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02534215
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30149
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:52
Scientific Publication
Dealkylation of various 14-alkylsterols by the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans
20
Lozano, R., Department of Botany, University of Maryland, College Park, 20742, MD, United States
Lusby, W.R., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Chitwood, D.J., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Svoboda, J.A., Insect Physiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Bldg. 467, BARC-East, Beltsville, 20705, MD, United States
Dealkylation of various 14-alkylsterols by the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans
The metabolism of 4 dietary 24-alkylsterols was investigated in the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The major unesterified sterols of C. elegans in media supplemented with either campesterol, 22-dihydrobrassicasterol or stigmasterol included cholesta-5,7-dienol, cholesterol, cholest-7-enol, and 4α-methylcholest-8(14)-enol. Dietary stigmastanol yielded cholest-7-enol, cholestanol, cholest-8(14)-enol, and 4α-methylcholest-8(14)-enol as major unesterified sterols. Esterified sterols comprised less than 22% of the total sterol. Removal of a C-24 ethyl substituent of sterols was neither hindered by the presence of a Δ22-bond in the sterol side chain nor was it depedent on unsaturation in ring B of the steroid nucleus. C. elegans reduced a Δ22-bond during its metabolism of stigmasterol; it did not introduce a Δ22-bond during stigmastanol metabolism. C. elegans was capable of removing a C-24 methyl substituent regardless of its stereochemical orientation. Metabolic processes involving the steroid ring system of cholesterol (C-7 dehydrogenation, Δ5-bond, 4α-methylation, Δ8(14)-isomerization in C. elegans were not hindered by the presence of a 24-methyl group; various 24-methylsterol metabolites from campesterol were detected, mostly 24-methylcholesta-5,7-dienol. In contrast, no 24-ethylsterol metabolites from the dietary ethylsterols were found. More dietary 24-methylsterol remained unmetabolized than did dietary 24-ethylsterol. A 24α-ethyl group and a 24β-methyl group were dealkylated to a greater extent by C. elegans than was a 24α-methyl group, perhaps reflecting the substrate specificity of the dealkylation enzyme system, or suggesting different enzymes altogether. © 1985 American Oil Chemists' Society.
Scientific Publication
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