חיפוש מתקדם
Ward, G.B., U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Florida, United States, USDA, ARS, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, P.O. Box 848, Greenport, New York, 11944-0848, United States
Mayer, R.T., U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Florida, United States
Feldlaufer, M.F., Insect Neurobiology and Hormone Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland, United States
Svoboda, J.A., Insect Neurobiology and Hormone Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland, United States
Gut chitin synthase was characterized and the sterols and ecdysteroids in the sugarcane rootstalk borer weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus, were identified. An in vitro cell‐free chitin synthase assay was developed using larval gut tissues from D. abbreviatus. Subcellular fractionation experiments showed that the majority of chitin synthase activity was located in 10,000g pellets. The gut chitin synthase requires Mg2+ to be fully active: 7–8‐fold increases in activity were obtained with 10 mM Mg2+ present in reaction mixture. Calcium also stimulated activity (4–5‐fold with 10 mM Ca2+), while Cu+2 completely inhibited at 1 mM. Other monovalent and divalent cations had little or no effect on activity. The pH and temperature optima were 7 and 25°C, respectively. Gut chitin synthesis was activated ca. 50% by trypsin treatments. GlcNAc stimulated chitin synthase activity, but Glc, GlcN and glycerin did not. Polyoxin D, UDP, and ADP inhibited the chitin synthase reaction with I50's of 75 μM, 2.3 mM, and 3.6 mM, respectively. Nikkomycin Z was a potent inhibitor of chitin synthase (91% inhibition at 10 μM). Tunicamycin and diflubenzuron had no effect on the enzyme. The apparent Km and Vmax for the gut chitin synthase were, respectively, 122.5 ± 7.4 μM and 426 ± 19.7 pmol/h/mg protein utilizing UDP‐GlcNAc as the substrate. Sterol analyses indicated that cholesterol was the major dietary and larval sterol. HPLC/RIA data indicated that 20‐hydroxyecdysone was the major molting hormone. Copyright © 1991 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Gut chitin synthase and sterols from larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
18
Ward, G.B., U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Florida, United States, USDA, ARS, Plum Island Animal Disease Center, P.O. Box 848, Greenport, New York, 11944-0848, United States
Mayer, R.T., U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Florida, United States
Feldlaufer, M.F., Insect Neurobiology and Hormone Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland, United States
Svoboda, J.A., Insect Neurobiology and Hormone Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland, United States
Gut chitin synthase and sterols from larvae of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
Gut chitin synthase was characterized and the sterols and ecdysteroids in the sugarcane rootstalk borer weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus, were identified. An in vitro cell‐free chitin synthase assay was developed using larval gut tissues from D. abbreviatus. Subcellular fractionation experiments showed that the majority of chitin synthase activity was located in 10,000g pellets. The gut chitin synthase requires Mg2+ to be fully active: 7–8‐fold increases in activity were obtained with 10 mM Mg2+ present in reaction mixture. Calcium also stimulated activity (4–5‐fold with 10 mM Ca2+), while Cu+2 completely inhibited at 1 mM. Other monovalent and divalent cations had little or no effect on activity. The pH and temperature optima were 7 and 25°C, respectively. Gut chitin synthesis was activated ca. 50% by trypsin treatments. GlcNAc stimulated chitin synthase activity, but Glc, GlcN and glycerin did not. Polyoxin D, UDP, and ADP inhibited the chitin synthase reaction with I50's of 75 μM, 2.3 mM, and 3.6 mM, respectively. Nikkomycin Z was a potent inhibitor of chitin synthase (91% inhibition at 10 μM). Tunicamycin and diflubenzuron had no effect on the enzyme. The apparent Km and Vmax for the gut chitin synthase were, respectively, 122.5 ± 7.4 μM and 426 ± 19.7 pmol/h/mg protein utilizing UDP‐GlcNAc as the substrate. Sterol analyses indicated that cholesterol was the major dietary and larval sterol. HPLC/RIA data indicated that 20‐hydroxyecdysone was the major molting hormone. Copyright © 1991 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.
Scientific Publication
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