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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Fruit production in Israel, a case of a pioneer state
Year:
1997
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
ארז, אמנון
;
.
Volume :
441
Co-Authors:
Erez, A., Volcani Center, Institute of Horticulture, P.O. B.6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
101
To page:
106
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Israel is situated on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea between the deserts on the south and east and the sea on the west; between the temperate zone in the north and the tropics of the south. In spite of its small size, Israel covers a wide range of climates. This enables the production of a wide variety of fruit crops. The limiting factor for production is the scarcity of water and its quality. This led to the development of drip irrigation methods in Israel that enables to save water. Most of Israeli orchards are irrigated by this method. Experimental research in Agriculture started in Israel 75 years ago with the establishment of the first Agricultural Experimental station in Rehovot. Since then, Agricultural development was strongly connected to research and extension. Over the years, complete supply of vegetables, fruits, all dairy products and chicken meat were supplied by the local agriculture. Citrus production and later grapes for wine were established in the turn of the century. From the mid twenties, an interest in temperate-zone fruits was started. Fruit production of apple, peach , pear, plum, apricot and sweet cherries developed mostly by introduction of varieties and rootstocks and by allocating the best areas for these crops. In the early fifties, expansion of subtropical species of avocado, mango, banana, persimmon and litchee led to development of new exported fruit species. With the change from a fruit deficient to a fruit abundant state changes in interest in subjects were evident. Stress on quality of fruit produced on reduced use of pesitcides, on ecological effects of horticultural practices and on recycled water with descreased supply of fresh water for agriculture. In addition, a shift from production of commodity fruits to specialty products is evident in recent years.
Note:
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עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר מתוך כינוס
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30651
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:56
Scientific Publication
Fruit production in Israel, a case of a pioneer state
441
Erez, A., Volcani Center, Institute of Horticulture, P.O. B.6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Fruit production in Israel, a case of a pioneer state
Israel is situated on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea between the deserts on the south and east and the sea on the west; between the temperate zone in the north and the tropics of the south. In spite of its small size, Israel covers a wide range of climates. This enables the production of a wide variety of fruit crops. The limiting factor for production is the scarcity of water and its quality. This led to the development of drip irrigation methods in Israel that enables to save water. Most of Israeli orchards are irrigated by this method. Experimental research in Agriculture started in Israel 75 years ago with the establishment of the first Agricultural Experimental station in Rehovot. Since then, Agricultural development was strongly connected to research and extension. Over the years, complete supply of vegetables, fruits, all dairy products and chicken meat were supplied by the local agriculture. Citrus production and later grapes for wine were established in the turn of the century. From the mid twenties, an interest in temperate-zone fruits was started. Fruit production of apple, peach , pear, plum, apricot and sweet cherries developed mostly by introduction of varieties and rootstocks and by allocating the best areas for these crops. In the early fifties, expansion of subtropical species of avocado, mango, banana, persimmon and litchee led to development of new exported fruit species. With the change from a fruit deficient to a fruit abundant state changes in interest in subjects were evident. Stress on quality of fruit produced on reduced use of pesitcides, on ecological effects of horticultural practices and on recycled water with descreased supply of fresh water for agriculture. In addition, a shift from production of commodity fruits to specialty products is evident in recent years.
Scientific Publication
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