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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Isolation of MTX-resistant cell line NP-19 of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia: Phenotypic, genetic and biochemical study
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Journal of Experimental Botany
Authors :
ברג, רבקה
;
.
Volume :
43
Co-Authors:
Shabtai, S., Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Agricultural Research Organization The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Ziv, M., Department of Agricultural Botany, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Barg, R., Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Agricultural Research Organization The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
471
To page:
478
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Several cell lines of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia resistant to methotrexate (MTX) were isolated upon gradual elevation of the MTX concentration in the growth medium. One of the MTX-resistant cell lines, NP-19, acquired resistance to 10 mmol m-3 MTX, that is, at least 50-fold higher than the lethal dose for the wild-type cell suspension. Its resistance was stably maintained upon prolonged withdrawal of the drug. The acquisition of resistance was accompanied by severe deterioration of regeneration potential. Regenerated shoots still manifested resistance to 5·0 mmol m-3. MTX-resistant colonies and tiny shoots were recovered following asymmetric fusion between γ-irradiated NP-19 protoplasts and N. plumbaginifolia leaf mesophyll-derived protoplasts on a medium containing 1·0 mmol m-3 MTX. The development of the shoots derived both from NP-19 calli and following somatic fusion was arrested at the stage of 6-8 leaves. No difference was found in uptake of 3H-MTX between cell suspension of NP-19 and the parental cell line. A 30-fold increase in binding of 3H-MTX to protein extract was found in cell line NP-19, suggesting differential capacity of MTX binding as a mechanism involved in the MTX resistance of this cell line. Since differentiated organs seem more sensitive to MTX than undifferentiated tissues, this cell line is a promising source for a gene(s) conferring enhanced MTX-tolerance both in non-differentiated and differentiated tissues. © 1992 Oxford University Press.
Note:
Related Files :
Methotrexate resistance
MTX-binding capacity
MTX uptake
Tobacco cell culture
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1093/jxb/43.4.471
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30665
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:56
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Scientific Publication
Isolation of MTX-resistant cell line NP-19 of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia: Phenotypic, genetic and biochemical study
43
Shabtai, S., Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Agricultural Research Organization The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Ziv, M., Department of Agricultural Botany, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Barg, R., Department of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Institute of Field and Garden Crops, Agricultural Research Organization The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel
Isolation of MTX-resistant cell line NP-19 of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia: Phenotypic, genetic and biochemical study
Several cell lines of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia resistant to methotrexate (MTX) were isolated upon gradual elevation of the MTX concentration in the growth medium. One of the MTX-resistant cell lines, NP-19, acquired resistance to 10 mmol m-3 MTX, that is, at least 50-fold higher than the lethal dose for the wild-type cell suspension. Its resistance was stably maintained upon prolonged withdrawal of the drug. The acquisition of resistance was accompanied by severe deterioration of regeneration potential. Regenerated shoots still manifested resistance to 5·0 mmol m-3. MTX-resistant colonies and tiny shoots were recovered following asymmetric fusion between γ-irradiated NP-19 protoplasts and N. plumbaginifolia leaf mesophyll-derived protoplasts on a medium containing 1·0 mmol m-3 MTX. The development of the shoots derived both from NP-19 calli and following somatic fusion was arrested at the stage of 6-8 leaves. No difference was found in uptake of 3H-MTX between cell suspension of NP-19 and the parental cell line. A 30-fold increase in binding of 3H-MTX to protein extract was found in cell line NP-19, suggesting differential capacity of MTX binding as a mechanism involved in the MTX resistance of this cell line. Since differentiated organs seem more sensitive to MTX than undifferentiated tissues, this cell line is a promising source for a gene(s) conferring enhanced MTX-tolerance both in non-differentiated and differentiated tissues. © 1992 Oxford University Press.
Scientific Publication
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