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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Boron toxicity in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) in conjunction with salinity and rootstock effects
Year:
2007
Authors :
בן-גל, אלון
;
.
ירמיהו, אורי
;
.
Volume :
82
Co-Authors:
Yermiyahu, U., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organisation, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organisation, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Sarig, P., Jordan Valley Research and Development, Mobile Post Jordan Valley, 91906, Israel
Zipilevitch, E., Jordan Valley Research and Development, Mobile Post Jordan Valley, 91906, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
547
To page:
554
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Recycled wastewater in Israel is often saline and can contain high concentrations of boron (B). To evaluate the potential of recycled wastewater for irrigation, grapevines (Vilis vinifera L. 'Sugraone') were grown for 4 years in the Jordan Valley in perlite media-filled containers. Vines grafted on 'Ramsey' rootstock were irrigated at two salinity levels [electrical conductivity (EC) 1.3 or 2.7 dS m-1] combined with four concentrations of B (0.03,0.12,0.21 or 0.31 mM).The treatments were initiated on 6-month-old vines in 601 containers. After 2 years, the vines were transferred to 100 1 containers. Vine growth, yield and B uptake were measured and the results compared with vines grafted on 'Ruggeri' rootstock that received the same B treatments with low-salinity water. Exposure to increasing root-zone B led to severe visible symptoms of toxicity, increased B accumulation in the leaves, and eventually caused a decrease in woody vegetative production, but did not influence annual production, measured as pruning biomass and fruit yield. Rootstock had no influence on the response of grapevines to B. Higher salinity (EC = 2.7 dS m-1) reduced the levels of B accumulated in leaves and decreased the annual pruning biomass, but did not influence fruit production. The excess B found in recycled saline wastewater does not appear to be of practical commercial concern for the cultivation of early-ripening table grapes in the Jordan Valley.
Note:
Related Files :
Boron
BORON TOXICITY
grafting (plants)
Grapevine
Jordan Valley (site)
Rootstocks
saline water
salinity
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
30826
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:57
Scientific Publication
Boron toxicity in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) in conjunction with salinity and rootstock effects
82
Yermiyahu, U., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organisation, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Institute of Soil Water and Environmental Sciences, Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organisation, Mobile Post Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Sarig, P., Jordan Valley Research and Development, Mobile Post Jordan Valley, 91906, Israel
Zipilevitch, E., Jordan Valley Research and Development, Mobile Post Jordan Valley, 91906, Israel
Boron toxicity in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) in conjunction with salinity and rootstock effects
Recycled wastewater in Israel is often saline and can contain high concentrations of boron (B). To evaluate the potential of recycled wastewater for irrigation, grapevines (Vilis vinifera L. 'Sugraone') were grown for 4 years in the Jordan Valley in perlite media-filled containers. Vines grafted on 'Ramsey' rootstock were irrigated at two salinity levels [electrical conductivity (EC) 1.3 or 2.7 dS m-1] combined with four concentrations of B (0.03,0.12,0.21 or 0.31 mM).The treatments were initiated on 6-month-old vines in 601 containers. After 2 years, the vines were transferred to 100 1 containers. Vine growth, yield and B uptake were measured and the results compared with vines grafted on 'Ruggeri' rootstock that received the same B treatments with low-salinity water. Exposure to increasing root-zone B led to severe visible symptoms of toxicity, increased B accumulation in the leaves, and eventually caused a decrease in woody vegetative production, but did not influence annual production, measured as pruning biomass and fruit yield. Rootstock had no influence on the response of grapevines to B. Higher salinity (EC = 2.7 dS m-1) reduced the levels of B accumulated in leaves and decreased the annual pruning biomass, but did not influence fruit production. The excess B found in recycled saline wastewater does not appear to be of practical commercial concern for the cultivation of early-ripening table grapes in the Jordan Valley.
Scientific Publication
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