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Thorup, T.A., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Tanyolac, B., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Livingstone, K.D., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Popovsky, S., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Paran, I., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Jahn, M., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States, 252 Emerson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Ten structural genes from the Capsicum (pepper) carotenoid biosynthetic pathway have been localized on a (Capsicum annuum x Capsicum chinense)F2 genetic map anchored in Lycopersicon (tomato). The positions of these genes were compared with positions of the same genes in tomato when known, and with loci from pepper, potato, and tomato that affect carotenoid levels in different tissues. C2, one of three phenotypically defined loci determining pepper fruit color, cosegregated with phytoene synthase. The capsanthin-capsorubin synthase (Ccs) locus, shown previously to cosegregate with Y, another pepper fruit color locus, mapped to pepper chromosome 6. Other structural genes in pepper corresponded to loci affecting carotenoid production as follows: Ccs in pepper and the B locus for hyperaccumulation of β-carotene in tomato fruit mapped to homeologous regions; the position of the lycopene β-cyclase gene in pepper may correspond to the lutescent-2 mutation in tomato; and the lycopene ε-cyclase locus in pepper corresponded to the lycopene ε-cyclase locus/Del mutation for hyperaccumulation of δ-carotene in tomato fruit. Additional associations were seen between the structural genes and previously mapped loci controlling quantitative variation in pepper and tomato fruit color. These results demonstrate that comparative analyses using candidate genes may be used to link specific metabolic phenotypes and loci that affect these phenotypes in related species.
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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Candidate gene analysis of organ pigmentation loci in the Solanaceae
97
Thorup, T.A., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Tanyolac, B., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Livingstone, K.D., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Popovsky, S., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Paran, I., Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Jahn, M., Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States, 252 Emerson Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States
Candidate gene analysis of organ pigmentation loci in the Solanaceae
Ten structural genes from the Capsicum (pepper) carotenoid biosynthetic pathway have been localized on a (Capsicum annuum x Capsicum chinense)F2 genetic map anchored in Lycopersicon (tomato). The positions of these genes were compared with positions of the same genes in tomato when known, and with loci from pepper, potato, and tomato that affect carotenoid levels in different tissues. C2, one of three phenotypically defined loci determining pepper fruit color, cosegregated with phytoene synthase. The capsanthin-capsorubin synthase (Ccs) locus, shown previously to cosegregate with Y, another pepper fruit color locus, mapped to pepper chromosome 6. Other structural genes in pepper corresponded to loci affecting carotenoid production as follows: Ccs in pepper and the B locus for hyperaccumulation of β-carotene in tomato fruit mapped to homeologous regions; the position of the lycopene β-cyclase gene in pepper may correspond to the lutescent-2 mutation in tomato; and the lycopene ε-cyclase locus in pepper corresponded to the lycopene ε-cyclase locus/Del mutation for hyperaccumulation of δ-carotene in tomato fruit. Additional associations were seen between the structural genes and previously mapped loci controlling quantitative variation in pepper and tomato fruit color. These results demonstrate that comparative analyses using candidate genes may be used to link specific metabolic phenotypes and loci that affect these phenotypes in related species.
Scientific Publication
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