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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Characterization of topsoils subjected to poorly controlled olive oil mill wastewater pollution in West Bank and Israel
Year:
2014
Authors :
בוחנובסקי, נדיה
;
.
בוריסובר, מיכאל
;
.
דג, ארנון
;
.
קרן, יונתן
;
.
Volume :
199
Co-Authors:
Peikert, B., University Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Fortstr. 7, Landau, Germany
Schaumann, G.E., University Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Fortstr. 7, Landau, Germany
Keren, Y., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Borisover, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Garfha, M.A., Al-Quds University for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine
Shoqeirc, J.H., Al-Quds University for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine
Dag, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev, Gilat, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
176
To page:
189
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
Uncontrolled land disposal of olive mill waste water (OMW) can potentially result in soil pollution as a consequence of its high chemical and biochemical oxygen demand and high concentration of phytotoxic phenolic compounds. Although both positive and negative effects of OMW on soil quality have been reported, no clear consensus regarding its direct influence on soil hydrophobicity or soil organic matter (SOM) quality is apparent. An improved understanding of any changes in SOM quality would benefit from expanding current characterization approaches to include the determination of SOM stability and physico-chemical properties. In this screening study we investigated topsoils of sites in West Bank and Israel which have been subjected to a significant OMW disposal for several years. In most cases, amounts and disposal method are unknown. In addition to properties such as water repellency and sorption capacity, novel approaches that included carbon isotope ratio (δ13C), thermostability index (TS) and contact angle tensiometry were tested. All polluted soils exhibited stronger water repellency and, in multiple cases, higher sorptive capacity for agrochemicals and were depleted in δ13C. This coincided with higher organic carbon and water extractable organic matter contents with the magnitude of effects clearly stronger than those generally reported for controlled OMW disposal. Extractable organic matter of polluted soils contained higher amounts of non-aromatic compounds like fatty acids and sugars than their controls. Thermal analysis indicated a relative reduction of the recalcitrant OM compared to the controls although interestingly, individual calorific values were higher than those of the unpolluted controls. Water repellency correlated with the isotopic carbon ratio and with the calorific value of the recalcitrant OM, which are both useful indicators for the degree of decomposition of OMW organic matter. The calorific value of recalcitrant OM may also help describe the hydrophobic potential of OMW polluted soils. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Isotope ratio mass spectrometry
Israel
Olive oil mill wastewater
physicochemical property
soil pollution
Wastewater
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.agee.2014.08.025
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31122
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:59
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Scientific Publication
Characterization of topsoils subjected to poorly controlled olive oil mill wastewater pollution in West Bank and Israel
199
Peikert, B., University Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Fortstr. 7, Landau, Germany
Schaumann, G.E., University Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Fortstr. 7, Landau, Germany
Keren, Y., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Bukhanovsky, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Borisover, M., Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Garfha, M.A., Al-Quds University for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine
Shoqeirc, J.H., Al-Quds University for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, P.O. Box 20002, Jerusalem, Palestine
Dag, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev, Gilat, Israel
Characterization of topsoils subjected to poorly controlled olive oil mill wastewater pollution in West Bank and Israel
Uncontrolled land disposal of olive mill waste water (OMW) can potentially result in soil pollution as a consequence of its high chemical and biochemical oxygen demand and high concentration of phytotoxic phenolic compounds. Although both positive and negative effects of OMW on soil quality have been reported, no clear consensus regarding its direct influence on soil hydrophobicity or soil organic matter (SOM) quality is apparent. An improved understanding of any changes in SOM quality would benefit from expanding current characterization approaches to include the determination of SOM stability and physico-chemical properties. In this screening study we investigated topsoils of sites in West Bank and Israel which have been subjected to a significant OMW disposal for several years. In most cases, amounts and disposal method are unknown. In addition to properties such as water repellency and sorption capacity, novel approaches that included carbon isotope ratio (δ13C), thermostability index (TS) and contact angle tensiometry were tested. All polluted soils exhibited stronger water repellency and, in multiple cases, higher sorptive capacity for agrochemicals and were depleted in δ13C. This coincided with higher organic carbon and water extractable organic matter contents with the magnitude of effects clearly stronger than those generally reported for controlled OMW disposal. Extractable organic matter of polluted soils contained higher amounts of non-aromatic compounds like fatty acids and sugars than their controls. Thermal analysis indicated a relative reduction of the recalcitrant OM compared to the controls although interestingly, individual calorific values were higher than those of the unpolluted controls. Water repellency correlated with the isotopic carbon ratio and with the calorific value of the recalcitrant OM, which are both useful indicators for the degree of decomposition of OMW organic matter. The calorific value of recalcitrant OM may also help describe the hydrophobic potential of OMW polluted soils. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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