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Clays and Clay Minerals
Gerstl, Z.
Banin, A.
The pH, Eh, electrical conductivity (EC), and the amounts and valency of replaceable iron were measured periodically on Fe**2** plus - and Fe**3** plus -saturated montmorillonite and cation-exchange resin at three temperatures. Differences in the pattern of change of pH, Eh, and EC with time appear to be related more to the histories and modes of preparation of the systems than to intrinsic differences in the hydrolysis of the iron in them. Electron transfer reactions involving crystal components of the clay can cause oxidation of adsorbed Fe**2** plus ions. Polymerization and precipitation of the adsorbed iron is affected by the necessity to maintain electroneutrality, the ability of the iron-hydroxy ions and small polymers to move about in the voids of the ion exchanger, and the steric hindrance posed by the matrix of the ion exchanger to the formation of large polymers. In resin, little or no iron precipitates. In clays, the precipitation of iron is abundant and is controlled by the rate of release of Al and Mg from the crystal. Refs.
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Fe**2** plus -Fe**3** plus TRANSFORMATIONS IN CLAY AND RESIN ION-EXCHANGE SYSTEMS.
28
Gerstl, Z.
Banin, A.
Fe**2** plus -Fe**3** plus TRANSFORMATIONS IN CLAY AND RESIN ION-EXCHANGE SYSTEMS.
The pH, Eh, electrical conductivity (EC), and the amounts and valency of replaceable iron were measured periodically on Fe**2** plus - and Fe**3** plus -saturated montmorillonite and cation-exchange resin at three temperatures. Differences in the pattern of change of pH, Eh, and EC with time appear to be related more to the histories and modes of preparation of the systems than to intrinsic differences in the hydrolysis of the iron in them. Electron transfer reactions involving crystal components of the clay can cause oxidation of adsorbed Fe**2** plus ions. Polymerization and precipitation of the adsorbed iron is affected by the necessity to maintain electroneutrality, the ability of the iron-hydroxy ions and small polymers to move about in the voids of the ion exchanger, and the steric hindrance posed by the matrix of the ion exchanger to the formation of large polymers. In resin, little or no iron precipitates. In clays, the precipitation of iron is abundant and is controlled by the rate of release of Al and Mg from the crystal. Refs.
Scientific Publication
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