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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Cellulolytic Actitivity of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum Related to Fungal Growth and to Pathogenesis in Citrus Fruits
Year:
1991
Source of publication :
Journal of Phytopathology
Authors :
קראדויד, רחל
;
.
Volume :
131
Co-Authors:
Barkai‐Golan, R., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Karadavid, R., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
65
To page:
72
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Cultural conditions under which Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum develop were an important factor in determining the extent of their cellulolytic activity. At pH 5.5–7.5 of the culture medium, Cx‐cellulase activity was correlated with mycelial dry weight. However, at pH 4.5 and more so at pH 3.5, activity was markedly reduced while fungal growth was not affected. Cx‐cellulases of both species were not induced by the presence of carboxymethyl cellulose as a carbon source and were defined as constituent enzymes. Cellulase activity of the two Penicillia on different carbon sources was detected prior to the initiation of sporulation. A sporeless mutant of P. digitatum exhibited cellulolytic activity similar to that of the normal strain, suggesting no role for sporulation in the Cx‐cellulase synthesis. Cx‐cellulase activity in Valencia oranges started during the early stages of pathogenesis, before the appearance of disease symptoms. Correlation between the cellulase activity and the severity of the disease symptoms was apparent during the first three days after inoculation. At the end of the incubation period both fungi almost reached their maximum enzymatic activity, whereas the disease index continued to rise gradually until total fruit rot was achieved. A possible role of Cx‐cellulases of the two Penicillia in the early stages of pathogenesis was suggested. Copyright © 1991, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Note:
Related Files :
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תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1439-0434.1991.tb04572.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31553
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:03
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Scientific Publication
Cellulolytic Actitivity of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum Related to Fungal Growth and to Pathogenesis in Citrus Fruits
131
Barkai‐Golan, R., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Karadavid, R., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Cellulolytic Actitivity of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum Related to Fungal Growth and to Pathogenesis in Citrus Fruits
Cultural conditions under which Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum develop were an important factor in determining the extent of their cellulolytic activity. At pH 5.5–7.5 of the culture medium, Cx‐cellulase activity was correlated with mycelial dry weight. However, at pH 4.5 and more so at pH 3.5, activity was markedly reduced while fungal growth was not affected. Cx‐cellulases of both species were not induced by the presence of carboxymethyl cellulose as a carbon source and were defined as constituent enzymes. Cellulase activity of the two Penicillia on different carbon sources was detected prior to the initiation of sporulation. A sporeless mutant of P. digitatum exhibited cellulolytic activity similar to that of the normal strain, suggesting no role for sporulation in the Cx‐cellulase synthesis. Cx‐cellulase activity in Valencia oranges started during the early stages of pathogenesis, before the appearance of disease symptoms. Correlation between the cellulase activity and the severity of the disease symptoms was apparent during the first three days after inoculation. At the end of the incubation period both fungi almost reached their maximum enzymatic activity, whereas the disease index continued to rise gradually until total fruit rot was achieved. A possible role of Cx‐cellulases of the two Penicillia in the early stages of pathogenesis was suggested. Copyright © 1991, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Scientific Publication
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