חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation
Aharoni, N., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
The interrelationship between ethylene and growth regulators in the senescence of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) leaves was studied. Gibberellic acid (GA3), kinetin, and 3-indoleacetic acid (IAA) retarded chlorophyll loss from leaf discs which were floated on hormone solutions. Abscisic acid (ABA) and ethephon enhanced chlorophyll loss and antagonized the senescence-retarding effect of GA3 and kinetin. A high concentration of IAA (10-4 M) caused accelerated chlorophyll loss, whereas a similar concentration of kinetin neither retarded nor promoted chlorophyll loss. The ineffectiveness of IAA and kinetin at their supraoptimal concentrations in retarding leaf senescence was related to increased production of ethylene induced in the treated leaf discs. GA3 was the most effective in retarding chlorophyll loss and did not stimulate ethylene production at all. The senescence-enhancing effect of ABA was not mediated by ethylene. However, the moderately increased production of ethylene, induced by relatively high concentrations of ABA, could act synergistically with the latter to accelerate chlorophyll loss. It is proposed that the effectiveness of exogenously applied hormones, both in enhancing and retarding senescence, is greatly affected by the endogenous ethylene concentration of the treated plant tissue. © 1989 Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Interrelationship between ethylene and growth regulators in the senescence of lettuce leaf discs
8
Aharoni, N., Department of Fruit and Vegetable Storage, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Interrelationship between ethylene and growth regulators in the senescence of lettuce leaf discs
The interrelationship between ethylene and growth regulators in the senescence of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) leaves was studied. Gibberellic acid (GA3), kinetin, and 3-indoleacetic acid (IAA) retarded chlorophyll loss from leaf discs which were floated on hormone solutions. Abscisic acid (ABA) and ethephon enhanced chlorophyll loss and antagonized the senescence-retarding effect of GA3 and kinetin. A high concentration of IAA (10-4 M) caused accelerated chlorophyll loss, whereas a similar concentration of kinetin neither retarded nor promoted chlorophyll loss. The ineffectiveness of IAA and kinetin at their supraoptimal concentrations in retarding leaf senescence was related to increased production of ethylene induced in the treated leaf discs. GA3 was the most effective in retarding chlorophyll loss and did not stimulate ethylene production at all. The senescence-enhancing effect of ABA was not mediated by ethylene. However, the moderately increased production of ethylene, induced by relatively high concentrations of ABA, could act synergistically with the latter to accelerate chlorophyll loss. It is proposed that the effectiveness of exogenously applied hormones, both in enhancing and retarding senescence, is greatly affected by the endogenous ethylene concentration of the treated plant tissue. © 1989 Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Scientific Publication
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