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FEMS Microbiology Letters
Morrison, M., Department of Animal Science, Sch. Biol. Sci., Ctr. Biotech., U., Lincoln, NE 68583, United States
Miron, J., Metabolic Unit, The Volcani Center, ARO, 50250, Bet Dagan, Israel
An obligatory step in cellulose degradation by anaerobic bacteria is the adhesion of the bacterium to the polysaccharide. In many anaerobic bacteria the adhesion protein, and the enzymes required for extensive polysaccharide hydrolysis, are organized into a complex and interesting structure called the cellulosome. The Gram-positive anaerobe Ruminococcus albus also produces a cellulosome-like complex, but the bacterium appears to possess other mechanism(s) for adhesion to plant surfaces and genes encoding functions relevant to growth on cellulose are conditionally expressed, as suggested by a combination of functional proteomics, differential display reverse-transcriptase PCR, and mutational analysis. A novel form of cellulose-binding protein has been identified and shown to belong to the Pil-protein family, being most similar to the type 4 fimbrial proteins of Gram-negative, pathogenic bacteria. These studies have provided new insights into the adhesion of bacteria to plant surfaces, and call attention to the likely existence of genetically analogous adhesion determinants in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.
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Adhesion to cellulose by Ruminococcus albus: A combination of cellulosomes and Pil-proteins?
185
Morrison, M., Department of Animal Science, Sch. Biol. Sci., Ctr. Biotech., U., Lincoln, NE 68583, United States
Miron, J., Metabolic Unit, The Volcani Center, ARO, 50250, Bet Dagan, Israel
Adhesion to cellulose by Ruminococcus albus: A combination of cellulosomes and Pil-proteins?
An obligatory step in cellulose degradation by anaerobic bacteria is the adhesion of the bacterium to the polysaccharide. In many anaerobic bacteria the adhesion protein, and the enzymes required for extensive polysaccharide hydrolysis, are organized into a complex and interesting structure called the cellulosome. The Gram-positive anaerobe Ruminococcus albus also produces a cellulosome-like complex, but the bacterium appears to possess other mechanism(s) for adhesion to plant surfaces and genes encoding functions relevant to growth on cellulose are conditionally expressed, as suggested by a combination of functional proteomics, differential display reverse-transcriptase PCR, and mutational analysis. A novel form of cellulose-binding protein has been identified and shown to belong to the Pil-protein family, being most similar to the type 4 fimbrial proteins of Gram-negative, pathogenic bacteria. These studies have provided new insights into the adhesion of bacteria to plant surfaces, and call attention to the likely existence of genetically analogous adhesion determinants in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. Copyright (C) 2000 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.
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