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Phytochemistry
Abraham, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagon, Israel
Kirson, I., Department of Organic Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Lavie, D., Department of Organic Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Glotte, E., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, Israel
Seven steroidal lactones of the withanolide series have been isolated as minor constituents of the leaves of Withania somnifera Dun. (Solanaceae) chemotype I, along with the major component withaferin A. Structures have been assigned to the new compounds: withanolide N (17α,27-dihydroxy-1-oxo-20R,22R-witha-2,5,14,24-tetraenolide) (6a) and withanolide O (4β,17α-dihydroxy-1-oxo-20R,22R-witha-2,5,8(14),24-tetraenolide) (7a). Similarly the leaves of W. somnifera chemotype II afforded three new withanolides along with the major component withanolide D (9a) and trace amounts of withanolide G (10). The new compounds are: 27-hydroxywithanolide D(4β,20α,27-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20R,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (11a), 14α-hydroxywithanolide D (4β,14α,20α-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20R,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (12a) and 17α-hydroxywithanolide D (4β,17β,20α-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20S,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (13a). Whereas all the withanolides of chemotype I are unsubstituted at C-20 (20α-H), those of chemotype II possess an OH at this position (20α-OH). © 1975.
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תנאי שימוש
The withanolides of Withania somnifera chemotypes I and II
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Abraham, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagon, Israel
Kirson, I., Department of Organic Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Lavie, D., Department of Organic Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Glotte, E., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot, Israel
The withanolides of Withania somnifera chemotypes I and II
Seven steroidal lactones of the withanolide series have been isolated as minor constituents of the leaves of Withania somnifera Dun. (Solanaceae) chemotype I, along with the major component withaferin A. Structures have been assigned to the new compounds: withanolide N (17α,27-dihydroxy-1-oxo-20R,22R-witha-2,5,14,24-tetraenolide) (6a) and withanolide O (4β,17α-dihydroxy-1-oxo-20R,22R-witha-2,5,8(14),24-tetraenolide) (7a). Similarly the leaves of W. somnifera chemotype II afforded three new withanolides along with the major component withanolide D (9a) and trace amounts of withanolide G (10). The new compounds are: 27-hydroxywithanolide D(4β,20α,27-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20R,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (11a), 14α-hydroxywithanolide D (4β,14α,20α-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20R,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (12a) and 17α-hydroxywithanolide D (4β,17β,20α-trihydroxy-1-oxo-5β,6β-epoxy-20S,22R-witha-2,24-dienolide) (13a). Whereas all the withanolides of chemotype I are unsubstituted at C-20 (20α-H), those of chemotype II possess an OH at this position (20α-OH). © 1975.
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