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Partitioned expression of duplicated genes during development and evolution of a single cell in a polyploid plant
Year:
2008
Authors :
חובב, רן
;
.
Volume :
105
Co-Authors:
Hovav, R., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Udall, J.A., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States, Department of Plant and Animal Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States
Chaudhary, B., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Rapp, R., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Flagel, L., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Wendel, J.F., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States, Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, 251 Bessey Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
6191
To page:
6195
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
Polyploidy is an important driver of eukaryotic evolution, evident in many animals, fungi, and plants. One consequence of polyploidy is subfunctionalization, in which the ancestral expression profile becomes partitioned among duplicated genes (termed homoeologs). Subfunctionalization appears to be a common phenomenon insofar as it has been studied, at the scale of organs. Here, we use a high-resolution methodology to investigate the expression of thousands of pairs of homoeologs during the development of a single plant cell, using as a model the seed trichomes ("cotton fiber") of allopolyploid (containing "A" and "D" genomes) cotton (Gossypium). We demonstrate that ≈30% of the homoeologs are significantly A- or D-biased at each of three time points studied during fiber development. Genes differentially biased toward the A or D genome belong to different biological processes, illustrating the functional partitioning of genomic contributions during cellular development. Interestingly, expression of the biased genes was shifted strongly toward the agronomically inferior D genome. Analyses of homoeologous gene expression during development of this cell showed that one-fifth of the genes exhibit changes in A/D ratios, indicating that significant alteration in duplicated gene expression is fairly frequent even at the level of development and maturation of a single cell. Comparing changes in homoeolog expression in cultivated versus wild cotton showed that most homoeolog expression bias reflects polyploidy rather than domestication. Evidence suggests, however, that domestication may increase expression bias in fibers toward the D genome, potentially implicating D-genome recruitment under human selection during domestication. © 2008 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
Note:
Related Files :
Evolution
fungi
gene expression
Genetics
Genome
Gossypium
Growth, Development and Aging
Molecular Evolution
plant development
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1073/pnas.0711569105
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
31881
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:06
Scientific Publication
Partitioned expression of duplicated genes during development and evolution of a single cell in a polyploid plant
105
Hovav, R., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Udall, J.A., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States, Department of Plant and Animal Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States
Chaudhary, B., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Rapp, R., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Flagel, L., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States
Wendel, J.F., Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, United States, Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, 251 Bessey Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50010, United States
Partitioned expression of duplicated genes during development and evolution of a single cell in a polyploid plant
Polyploidy is an important driver of eukaryotic evolution, evident in many animals, fungi, and plants. One consequence of polyploidy is subfunctionalization, in which the ancestral expression profile becomes partitioned among duplicated genes (termed homoeologs). Subfunctionalization appears to be a common phenomenon insofar as it has been studied, at the scale of organs. Here, we use a high-resolution methodology to investigate the expression of thousands of pairs of homoeologs during the development of a single plant cell, using as a model the seed trichomes ("cotton fiber") of allopolyploid (containing "A" and "D" genomes) cotton (Gossypium). We demonstrate that ≈30% of the homoeologs are significantly A- or D-biased at each of three time points studied during fiber development. Genes differentially biased toward the A or D genome belong to different biological processes, illustrating the functional partitioning of genomic contributions during cellular development. Interestingly, expression of the biased genes was shifted strongly toward the agronomically inferior D genome. Analyses of homoeologous gene expression during development of this cell showed that one-fifth of the genes exhibit changes in A/D ratios, indicating that significant alteration in duplicated gene expression is fairly frequent even at the level of development and maturation of a single cell. Comparing changes in homoeolog expression in cultivated versus wild cotton showed that most homoeolog expression bias reflects polyploidy rather than domestication. Evidence suggests, however, that domestication may increase expression bias in fibers toward the D genome, potentially implicating D-genome recruitment under human selection during domestication. © 2008 by The National Academy of Sciences of the USA.
Scientific Publication
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