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Geoderma
Dan, J., Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yaalon, D.H., Department of Geology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Moshe, R., Division of Soil Conservation and Drainage, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Nissim, S., Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Reg soils (mostly Camborthids and Gypsiorthids) cover some 15% of the Negev and Sinai deserts. Analytical data of seven profiles on depositional surfaces of increasing age in the Negev show clear relationships between ages of surfaces and soil profile features, exemplified in the development of the cambic, salic and gypsic horizons. The youngest soil, a Coarse Desert Alluvium soil (Typic Torriorthent) of dry wadi beds, up to a few thousand years old, has little profile differentiation and is generally non-saline or slightly saline. On the higher terraces connected with the Lisan Formation (about 70 000-12 000 years B.P.) clear profile differentiation and the beginning of development of cambic horizons can be discerned, evident in their colour-textural p differences. The soils are already saline and somewhat gypsiferous. Both soils are not yet defined as Regs because of their negligible or restricted profile differentiation. Reg soils on the older and higher geomorphic surfaces in the Arava Rift Valley, several hundred thousand years old, have well-differentiated profiles, with cambic, salic and gypsic horizons. Below their stony desert pavements, typical Reg soils have light coloured vesicular horizons, over mellow, very pale brown loam, frequently with laminar structure, almost completely stone-free layers. The reddish brown loamy to clay loam B horizons are very saline and show intensive salt weathering of gravels. Gypsic and petrogypsic horizons occur at depth. Such Reg soils represent the stable surfaces and soils of deserts and were developed over a long period of desert weathering. © 1982.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Evolution of reg soils in Southern Israel and Sinai
28
Dan, J., Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Yaalon, D.H., Department of Geology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Moshe, R., Division of Soil Conservation and Drainage, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Nissim, S., Institute of Soils and Water, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Evolution of reg soils in Southern Israel and Sinai
Reg soils (mostly Camborthids and Gypsiorthids) cover some 15% of the Negev and Sinai deserts. Analytical data of seven profiles on depositional surfaces of increasing age in the Negev show clear relationships between ages of surfaces and soil profile features, exemplified in the development of the cambic, salic and gypsic horizons. The youngest soil, a Coarse Desert Alluvium soil (Typic Torriorthent) of dry wadi beds, up to a few thousand years old, has little profile differentiation and is generally non-saline or slightly saline. On the higher terraces connected with the Lisan Formation (about 70 000-12 000 years B.P.) clear profile differentiation and the beginning of development of cambic horizons can be discerned, evident in their colour-textural p differences. The soils are already saline and somewhat gypsiferous. Both soils are not yet defined as Regs because of their negligible or restricted profile differentiation. Reg soils on the older and higher geomorphic surfaces in the Arava Rift Valley, several hundred thousand years old, have well-differentiated profiles, with cambic, salic and gypsic horizons. Below their stony desert pavements, typical Reg soils have light coloured vesicular horizons, over mellow, very pale brown loam, frequently with laminar structure, almost completely stone-free layers. The reddish brown loamy to clay loam B horizons are very saline and show intensive salt weathering of gravels. Gypsic and petrogypsic horizons occur at depth. Such Reg soils represent the stable surfaces and soils of deserts and were developed over a long period of desert weathering. © 1982.
Scientific Publication
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