חיפוש מתקדם
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Frenk, S., Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Dag, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Zipori, I., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Hadar, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Minz, D., Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Several anthropogenic interventions, common in agriculture, may influence active bacterial communities in soil without affecting their total composition. Therefore, the composition of an active bacterial community in soil may reflect its relation to biogeochemical processes. This issue was addressed during two consecutive years in olive-orchard soil, irrigated with treated wastewater (TWW) in a Mediterranean climate, by following the active (rRNA) and total (rRNA gene) bacterial community in the soil. Although TWW irrigation did not affect the composition of the total soil bacterial community, it had an effect on the active fraction of the community. These results, based on 16S rRNA data, indicate that the organic matter and minerals in TWW were not directly utilized for the rapid proliferation of specific taxonomic groups. Activity levels, manifested by variance in the relative abundance of the active and total communities of selected operational taxonomic units, revealed annual and seasonal fluctuations and fluctuations dependent on the type of irrigation. The potential activity (nitrification rates) and community composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were affected by TWW irrigation, and this group of bacteria was therefore further explored. It was concluded that irrigation with TWW had little effect on "who is there", i.e. which bacteria were present, but influenced "who is active", with a distinct effect on bacteria associated with the biochemical cycling of nitrogen. © FEMS 2015. All rights reserved.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Seasonal effect and anthropogenic impact on the composition of the active bacterial community in Mediterranean orchard soil
91
Frenk, S., Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Dag, A., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Zipori, I., Gilat Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, MP Negev, Israel
Hadar, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Minz, D., Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet-Dagan, Israel
Seasonal effect and anthropogenic impact on the composition of the active bacterial community in Mediterranean orchard soil
Several anthropogenic interventions, common in agriculture, may influence active bacterial communities in soil without affecting their total composition. Therefore, the composition of an active bacterial community in soil may reflect its relation to biogeochemical processes. This issue was addressed during two consecutive years in olive-orchard soil, irrigated with treated wastewater (TWW) in a Mediterranean climate, by following the active (rRNA) and total (rRNA gene) bacterial community in the soil. Although TWW irrigation did not affect the composition of the total soil bacterial community, it had an effect on the active fraction of the community. These results, based on 16S rRNA data, indicate that the organic matter and minerals in TWW were not directly utilized for the rapid proliferation of specific taxonomic groups. Activity levels, manifested by variance in the relative abundance of the active and total communities of selected operational taxonomic units, revealed annual and seasonal fluctuations and fluctuations dependent on the type of irrigation. The potential activity (nitrification rates) and community composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were affected by TWW irrigation, and this group of bacteria was therefore further explored. It was concluded that irrigation with TWW had little effect on "who is there", i.e. which bacteria were present, but influenced "who is active", with a distinct effect on bacteria associated with the biochemical cycling of nitrogen. © FEMS 2015. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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