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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Targeted grazing of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) by goats: Preference following preconditioning, generational transfer, and toxicity
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Authors :
אונגר, יוג'ין דוד
;
.
ארביב, עדי
;
.
דבש, לבנה
;
.
לנדאו, יאן
;
.
מוקלדה, חוסיין
;
.
Volume :
179
Co-Authors:
Arviv, A., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Muklada, H., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Kigel, J., The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Voet, H., The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Glasser, T., Ramat Hanadiv Nature Park, P.O. Box 325, Zikhron Ya'akov, Israel
Dvash, L., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Landau, S.Y., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
53
To page:
59
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Nitrophilic thistles such as milk thistle (Sylibum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) encroach rangeland areas where animals gather and defecate, in particular around watering and feeding points. High densities of milk and Syrian thistles (MST) diminish forage yields and detract from the amenity value of these areas. The aims of the present study were: (i) to test the safety of feeding MST to adult goats; (ii) to determine if preconditioning adult goats to MST, by feeding it indoors together with concentrate, enhances preference for MST when they graze MST-rich pastures; and (iii) to test for generational transfer by comparing the propensity to consume MST and the preference for MST over clover hay for weaned kids that previously suckled from does that were, or were not, preconditioned to consume MST fed as green fodder. We found that eating MST was not toxic to adult goats. Over six observation sessions of one hour, preconditioned goats devoted 50% more time to consuming MST than non-conditioned counterparts (30.3% versus 20.6%, respectively; P = 0.0005), and kids that experienced the preconditioning period together with their does tended (P = 0.08) to show a greater preference for MST over clover hay than their counterparts born to non-conditioned adults. Although the efficacy in depleting the seed bank has yet to be verified, from the point of view of the animal, goats may be used in targeted grazing of milk and Syrian thistles. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Animalia
Capra
Capra hircus
Caprine
Cirsium
learning
Nitrate toxicity
Notobasis syriaca
Trifolium
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.applanim.2016.03.008
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32313
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:08
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Targeted grazing of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) by goats: Preference following preconditioning, generational transfer, and toxicity
179
Arviv, A., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel, The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Muklada, H., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Kigel, J., The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Voet, H., The Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Department of Environmental Economics and Management, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, Israel
Glasser, T., Ramat Hanadiv Nature Park, P.O. Box 325, Zikhron Ya'akov, Israel
Dvash, L., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Ungar, E.D., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Landau, S.Y., Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization-the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Targeted grazing of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) by goats: Preference following preconditioning, generational transfer, and toxicity
Nitrophilic thistles such as milk thistle (Sylibum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) encroach rangeland areas where animals gather and defecate, in particular around watering and feeding points. High densities of milk and Syrian thistles (MST) diminish forage yields and detract from the amenity value of these areas. The aims of the present study were: (i) to test the safety of feeding MST to adult goats; (ii) to determine if preconditioning adult goats to MST, by feeding it indoors together with concentrate, enhances preference for MST when they graze MST-rich pastures; and (iii) to test for generational transfer by comparing the propensity to consume MST and the preference for MST over clover hay for weaned kids that previously suckled from does that were, or were not, preconditioned to consume MST fed as green fodder. We found that eating MST was not toxic to adult goats. Over six observation sessions of one hour, preconditioned goats devoted 50% more time to consuming MST than non-conditioned counterparts (30.3% versus 20.6%, respectively; P = 0.0005), and kids that experienced the preconditioning period together with their does tended (P = 0.08) to show a greater preference for MST over clover hay than their counterparts born to non-conditioned adults. Although the efficacy in depleting the seed bank has yet to be verified, from the point of view of the animal, goats may be used in targeted grazing of milk and Syrian thistles. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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