חיפוש מתקדם
Agricultural Water Management
Ben-Gal, A., Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Ityel, E., Shaham-Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Dudley, L., Department of Geological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, United States
Cohen, S., Central and Northern Arava Research and Development, Hazeva, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Soil Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Israel
Presnov, E., Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Zigmond, L., Southern Arava Research and Development, Yotvata, Israel
Shani, U., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Israel
Maximization of crop yields when the salinity of irrigation water is high depends on providing plant transpiration needs and evaporative losses, as well as on maintaining minimum soil solution salinity through leaching. The effect of the amount of applied irrigation water was studied regarding transpiration, yields, and leaching fractions as a function of irrigation water salinity. Bell pepper (Capsicum annum L. vars. Celica and 7187) in protected growing environments in the Arava Valley of Israel was used as a case study crop to analyze water quantity-salinity interactions in a series of lysimeter, field and model simulation experiments. Leaching fraction was found to be highly influenced by plant feedback, as transpiration depended on root zone salinity. Increased application of saline irrigation water led to increased transpiration and yields. The higher the salinity level, the greater the relative benefit from increased leaching. The extent of leaching needed to maximize yields when irrigating with saline water may make such practice highly unsustainable. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Effect of irrigation water salinity on transpiration and on leaching requirements: A case study for bell peppers
95
Ben-Gal, A., Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Ityel, E., Shaham-Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Israel
Dudley, L., Department of Geological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, United States
Cohen, S., Central and Northern Arava Research and Development, Hazeva, Israel
Yermiyahu, U., Soil Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Israel
Presnov, E., Environmental Physics and Irrigation, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Mobile Post Negev 85280, Israel
Zigmond, L., Southern Arava Research and Development, Yotvata, Israel
Shani, U., Department of Soil and Water Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Israel
Effect of irrigation water salinity on transpiration and on leaching requirements: A case study for bell peppers
Maximization of crop yields when the salinity of irrigation water is high depends on providing plant transpiration needs and evaporative losses, as well as on maintaining minimum soil solution salinity through leaching. The effect of the amount of applied irrigation water was studied regarding transpiration, yields, and leaching fractions as a function of irrigation water salinity. Bell pepper (Capsicum annum L. vars. Celica and 7187) in protected growing environments in the Arava Valley of Israel was used as a case study crop to analyze water quantity-salinity interactions in a series of lysimeter, field and model simulation experiments. Leaching fraction was found to be highly influenced by plant feedback, as transpiration depended on root zone salinity. Increased application of saline irrigation water led to increased transpiration and yields. The higher the salinity level, the greater the relative benefit from increased leaching. The extent of leaching needed to maximize yields when irrigating with saline water may make such practice highly unsustainable. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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