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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from field data
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Journal of Hydrology
Authors :
רוסק, עמוס
;
.
Volume :
529
Co-Authors:
Russak, A., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel
Yechieli, Y., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Studies, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel
Herut, B., Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, National Institute of Oceanography, Haifa, Israel
Lazar, B., Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Sivan, O., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1293
To page:
1301
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The effect of seawater intrusion and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient (dissolved inorganic nitrogen species, phosphate and silica) dynamics across the fresh-saline groundwater interface (FSI) were quantified using field data. Seasonal vertical profiles revealed a clear transition between nutrient species across the FSI, which is also an oxycline. In view of the results of our experimental simulations, it is clear that the major process controlling the nutrient dynamics at the FSI, besides the mixing that takes place between the two different water bodies, is the seasonal variation between seawater intrusion (salinization) in summer and flushing of the aquifer (freshening) in winter. Aquifer salinization during the summer shifts the FSI and the anaerobic depth-location upwards and leads to the enrichment of NH4 +, PO4 3- and DSi (dissolved silica) in the saline groundwater. NH4 + and PO4 3- are enriched due to ion exchange, and DSi is enriched either by ion exchange (as PO4 3-) or as a result of dissolution of biogenic silica. Denitrification occurs at the base of the FSI, as indicated by the slight NO3 - depletion and the enrichment in δ15N of NO3 -. Aquifer freshening during the winter shifts the FSI downward and the water becomes suboxic with the influence of the oxic fresh groundwater. This leads to nitrification of the NH4 +, enrichment of NO2 - and depletion of 15N in the residual NO3 - in the FSI. These cyclic processes generate a certain depletion of N and enrichment of P in the saline groundwater. Circulation of the saline groundwater below the FSI back to the sea can serve as a partial counterbalance to the high anthropogenic load of N impacting the coastal groundwater system. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifers
groundwater
hydrogeology
Nutrients
Process controlling
Seawater effects
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.07.022
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32579
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:11
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Scientific Publication
The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from field data
529
Russak, A., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel
Yechieli, Y., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Studies, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel
Herut, B., Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, National Institute of Oceanography, Haifa, Israel
Lazar, B., Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Sivan, O., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from field data
The effect of seawater intrusion and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient (dissolved inorganic nitrogen species, phosphate and silica) dynamics across the fresh-saline groundwater interface (FSI) were quantified using field data. Seasonal vertical profiles revealed a clear transition between nutrient species across the FSI, which is also an oxycline. In view of the results of our experimental simulations, it is clear that the major process controlling the nutrient dynamics at the FSI, besides the mixing that takes place between the two different water bodies, is the seasonal variation between seawater intrusion (salinization) in summer and flushing of the aquifer (freshening) in winter. Aquifer salinization during the summer shifts the FSI and the anaerobic depth-location upwards and leads to the enrichment of NH4 +, PO4 3- and DSi (dissolved silica) in the saline groundwater. NH4 + and PO4 3- are enriched due to ion exchange, and DSi is enriched either by ion exchange (as PO4 3-) or as a result of dissolution of biogenic silica. Denitrification occurs at the base of the FSI, as indicated by the slight NO3 - depletion and the enrichment in δ15N of NO3 -. Aquifer freshening during the winter shifts the FSI downward and the water becomes suboxic with the influence of the oxic fresh groundwater. This leads to nitrification of the NH4 +, enrichment of NO2 - and depletion of 15N in the residual NO3 - in the FSI. These cyclic processes generate a certain depletion of N and enrichment of P in the saline groundwater. Circulation of the saline groundwater below the FSI back to the sea can serve as a partial counterbalance to the high anthropogenic load of N impacting the coastal groundwater system. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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