חיפוש מתקדם
Animal Feed Science and Technology
Ding, L.M., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Wang, Y.P., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Brosh, A., Beef Cattle Section, ARO, Newe Yaar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Chen, J.Q., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Gibb, M.J., Formerly of the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, North Wyke, Devon, United Kingdom
Shang, Z.H., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Guo, X.S., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Mi, J.D., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Zhou, J.W., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Wang, H.C., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Qiu, Q., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Long, R.J., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
A study was conducted to measure the energy balance of free-ranging yak during the four annual seasons in order to elucidate the factors constraining energy utilization by grazing yak. The heat production (HP, kJ/day) of grazing non-lactating female yaks was calculated as the product of heart rate (HR, beats/min) and the amount of O2 delivered to the body at every heartbeat (O2P, μl), and by the constant value of 20.47kJ/l of O2 consumed. Heart rates were recorded continuously over 4 days, using modified heart rate monitors. Individual daily fecal output was measured using Cr2O3 as an external marker. Daily herbage dry matter (DM) intake was calculated from fecal output and digestibility of the forage determined in vitro. The greatest herbage mass was measured in August (496kg DM/ha), and the least in December and May (208 and 226kg DM/ha). However, the herbage present in both May and August had higher crude protein contents and lower NDF contents than those sampled in October and December. Daily average HR (beats/min) was greater in summer (August) than during the other three seasons (78 vs. 49-52). The greatest O2P was recorded in May. The highest metabolizable energy intake (MEI) (1120kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) was measured in August when yaks grazed on lush green forage. HP was higher in August than in October and December (715, 548 and 400kJ/kg BW0.75 per day, respectively), but did not differ significantly from that measured in May (640kJ/kg BW0.75 per day). The animals were in positive energy balance only during August (energy retention (ER)=405kJ/kg BW0.75 per day). Energy balance did not differ between the other seasons: -111 (October), -91 (December) and -13 (May) kJ/kg BW0.75 per day, respectively. HP and ER were highly correlated with MEI (R2=0.73 and 0.88, respectively). The formulas calculated through the regression of HP and ER on MEI were used to estimate fasting heat production (FHP=341kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) and maintenance ME requirements (MEm, 545kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) of the free grazing yaks. The results showed that free-ranging yaks expended much more energy to resist harsh environmental and sward conditions compared with confined yak or cattle and grazing cattle in low land area. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Seasonal heat production and energy balance of grazing yaks on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau
198
Ding, L.M., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Wang, Y.P., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Brosh, A., Beef Cattle Section, ARO, Newe Yaar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, Israel
Chen, J.Q., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Gibb, M.J., Formerly of the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, North Wyke, Devon, United Kingdom
Shang, Z.H., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Guo, X.S., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Mi, J.D., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Zhou, J.W., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Wang, H.C., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China
Qiu, Q., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Long, R.J., State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, International Centre for Tibetan Ecosystem Management, Lanzhou, China
Seasonal heat production and energy balance of grazing yaks on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau
A study was conducted to measure the energy balance of free-ranging yak during the four annual seasons in order to elucidate the factors constraining energy utilization by grazing yak. The heat production (HP, kJ/day) of grazing non-lactating female yaks was calculated as the product of heart rate (HR, beats/min) and the amount of O2 delivered to the body at every heartbeat (O2P, μl), and by the constant value of 20.47kJ/l of O2 consumed. Heart rates were recorded continuously over 4 days, using modified heart rate monitors. Individual daily fecal output was measured using Cr2O3 as an external marker. Daily herbage dry matter (DM) intake was calculated from fecal output and digestibility of the forage determined in vitro. The greatest herbage mass was measured in August (496kg DM/ha), and the least in December and May (208 and 226kg DM/ha). However, the herbage present in both May and August had higher crude protein contents and lower NDF contents than those sampled in October and December. Daily average HR (beats/min) was greater in summer (August) than during the other three seasons (78 vs. 49-52). The greatest O2P was recorded in May. The highest metabolizable energy intake (MEI) (1120kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) was measured in August when yaks grazed on lush green forage. HP was higher in August than in October and December (715, 548 and 400kJ/kg BW0.75 per day, respectively), but did not differ significantly from that measured in May (640kJ/kg BW0.75 per day). The animals were in positive energy balance only during August (energy retention (ER)=405kJ/kg BW0.75 per day). Energy balance did not differ between the other seasons: -111 (October), -91 (December) and -13 (May) kJ/kg BW0.75 per day, respectively. HP and ER were highly correlated with MEI (R2=0.73 and 0.88, respectively). The formulas calculated through the regression of HP and ER on MEI were used to estimate fasting heat production (FHP=341kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) and maintenance ME requirements (MEm, 545kJ/kg BW0.75 per day) of the free grazing yaks. The results showed that free-ranging yaks expended much more energy to resist harsh environmental and sward conditions compared with confined yak or cattle and grazing cattle in low land area. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in