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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
An S-Acylation Switch of Conserved G Domain Cysteines Is Required for Polarity Signaling by ROP GTPases
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Current Biology
Authors :
בר, עינת
;
.
לוינסון, אפרים
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:
Sorek, N., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Segev, O., Department of Biochemistry, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Gutman, O., Department of Neurobiology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Bar, E., Department of Field and Vegetable Crops, Agricultural Research Organization, Neve Ya'ar Reseach Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Richter, S., Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tübingen, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
Poraty, L., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Hirsch, J.A., Department of Biochemistry, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Henis, Y.I., Department of Neurobiology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Field and Vegetable Crops, Agricultural Research Organization, Neve Ya'ar Reseach Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Jürgens, G., Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tübingen, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
Yalovsky, S., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
914
To page:
920
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Rho GTPases are master regulators of cell polarity [1]. For their function, Rhos must associate with discrete plasma membrane domains [2]. Rho of Plants (ROPs) or RACs comprise a single family [3-5]. Prenylation and S-acylation of hypervariable domain cysteines of Ras and Rho GTPases are required for their function [6-11]; however, lipid modifications in the G domain have never been reported. Reversible S-acylation involves the attachment of palmitate (C16:0) or other saturated lipids to cysteines through a thioester linkage and was implicated in the regulation of signaling [12]. Here we show that transient S-acylation of Arabidopsis AtROP6 takes place on two conserved G domain cysteine residues, C21 and C156. C21 is relatively exposed and is accessible for modification, but C156 is not, implying that its S-acylation involves a conformational change. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching beam-size analysis [13] shows that S-acylation of AtROP6 regulates its membrane-association dynamics, and detergent-solubilization studies indicate that it regulates AtROP6 association with lipid rafts. Site-specific acylation-deficient AtROP6 mutants can bind and hydrolyze GTP but display compromised effects on polar cell growth, endocytic uptake of the tracer dye FM4-64, and distribution of reactive oxygen species. These data reveal an S-acylation switch that regulates Rho signaling. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
arabidopsis
cell membrane
Genetics
Membrane Microdomains
metabolism
stearic acid derivative
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.cub.2010.03.057
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
32772
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 01:12
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
An S-Acylation Switch of Conserved G Domain Cysteines Is Required for Polarity Signaling by ROP GTPases
20
Sorek, N., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Segev, O., Department of Biochemistry, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Gutman, O., Department of Neurobiology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Bar, E., Department of Field and Vegetable Crops, Agricultural Research Organization, Neve Ya'ar Reseach Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Richter, S., Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tübingen, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
Poraty, L., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Hirsch, J.A., Department of Biochemistry, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Henis, Y.I., Department of Neurobiology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
Lewinsohn, E., Department of Field and Vegetable Crops, Agricultural Research Organization, Neve Ya'ar Reseach Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Jürgens, G., Center for Plant Molecular Biology, University of Tübingen, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
Yalovsky, S., Department of Molecular Biology and Ecology of Plants, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel
An S-Acylation Switch of Conserved G Domain Cysteines Is Required for Polarity Signaling by ROP GTPases
Rho GTPases are master regulators of cell polarity [1]. For their function, Rhos must associate with discrete plasma membrane domains [2]. Rho of Plants (ROPs) or RACs comprise a single family [3-5]. Prenylation and S-acylation of hypervariable domain cysteines of Ras and Rho GTPases are required for their function [6-11]; however, lipid modifications in the G domain have never been reported. Reversible S-acylation involves the attachment of palmitate (C16:0) or other saturated lipids to cysteines through a thioester linkage and was implicated in the regulation of signaling [12]. Here we show that transient S-acylation of Arabidopsis AtROP6 takes place on two conserved G domain cysteine residues, C21 and C156. C21 is relatively exposed and is accessible for modification, but C156 is not, implying that its S-acylation involves a conformational change. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching beam-size analysis [13] shows that S-acylation of AtROP6 regulates its membrane-association dynamics, and detergent-solubilization studies indicate that it regulates AtROP6 association with lipid rafts. Site-specific acylation-deficient AtROP6 mutants can bind and hydrolyze GTP but display compromised effects on polar cell growth, endocytic uptake of the tracer dye FM4-64, and distribution of reactive oxygen species. These data reveal an S-acylation switch that regulates Rho signaling. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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