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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Does increased nutritional carbon availability in fruit and foliar hosts contribute to modulation of pathogen colonization?
Year:
2018
Source of publication :
Postharvest Biology and Technology
Authors :
פרוסקי, דב
;
.
Volume :
145
Co-Authors:

 Wilson, R.A., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States

Facilitators :
From page:
27
To page:
32
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:

High losses due to postharvest pathogens call for an understanding of the processes modulating fungal colonization in comparison to leaf pathogens. Pathogens can penetrate fruit and foliar plants directly through the cuticle following the development of appressoria, or through wounds during fruit growth and postharvest life. In both cases, disease symptoms may not occur until long after infection. Maturation (when plant or fruit has attained maximum growth and size) and ripening (the process by which mature fruit become ready for consumption) are critical factors in fruit susceptibility to postharvest pathogens. During these periods, fruit undergo physiological and metabolic changes that affect nutritional composition and cause a decline in resistance mechanisms. Recent research suggests that host nutrients during ripening may modulate signaling processes in the pathogen that lead to metabolic responses, triggering the accumulation of pH-modulating molecules. The pH shift in the surrounding host tissue induces optimal gene-expression conditions for the fungus to use specific pathogenicity factors at each particular pH. Leaf pathogens usually penetrate via appressoria and also respond to carbon-regulation signaling. This review describes our understanding of the importance of carbon regulation in fruit and leaf tissue, and its contribution to pathogen colonization via facilitation of the transition from quiescent to necrotrophic lifestyle. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Note:
Related Files :
carbon sequestration
colonization
Foliar susceptibility
fruit ripening
Fruits
Fruit susceptibility
pathogenicity
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85048586376&doi=10.1016%2fj.postharvbio.2018.05.001&partnerID=40&md5=ce3cc1a89c1c6631399d026ff7099eb2
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
34667
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
27/06/2018 13:04
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Does increased nutritional carbon availability in fruit and foliar hosts contribute to modulation of pathogen colonization?
145

 Wilson, R.A., Department of Plant Pathology, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, United States

Does increased nutritional carbon availability in fruit and foliar hosts contribute to modulation of pathogen colonization?

High losses due to postharvest pathogens call for an understanding of the processes modulating fungal colonization in comparison to leaf pathogens. Pathogens can penetrate fruit and foliar plants directly through the cuticle following the development of appressoria, or through wounds during fruit growth and postharvest life. In both cases, disease symptoms may not occur until long after infection. Maturation (when plant or fruit has attained maximum growth and size) and ripening (the process by which mature fruit become ready for consumption) are critical factors in fruit susceptibility to postharvest pathogens. During these periods, fruit undergo physiological and metabolic changes that affect nutritional composition and cause a decline in resistance mechanisms. Recent research suggests that host nutrients during ripening may modulate signaling processes in the pathogen that lead to metabolic responses, triggering the accumulation of pH-modulating molecules. The pH shift in the surrounding host tissue induces optimal gene-expression conditions for the fungus to use specific pathogenicity factors at each particular pH. Leaf pathogens usually penetrate via appressoria and also respond to carbon-regulation signaling. This review describes our understanding of the importance of carbon regulation in fruit and leaf tissue, and its contribution to pathogen colonization via facilitation of the transition from quiescent to necrotrophic lifestyle. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Scientific Publication
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