חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Pest Science

Opher Mendelsohn, Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Miriam Silberstein, Northern Research and Development, Northern Agriculture Research and Development, Kiryat Shmona, Israel

Yoav Gazit, The Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, Citrus Division. Tel Aviv, Israel
 

The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) (medfly), is a major pest among all varieties of citrus. Despite advances in recent years, knowledge about the effects of various variables on the spatiotemporal spread of the medfly is still limited. The goal of this study was to characterize the effects of various local and landscape variables on the population density of medfly in citrus orchards in Israel, utilizing the ecoinformatics approach. Data were collected during three citrus growing seasons (years). The medfly population data consisted of a weekly inspection of ~2300 traps. Thirteen potentially explanatory variables believed to influence the medfly populations were quantified. The contributions of the explanatory variables were analyzed using multimodel inference. Results show that the medfly population is affected by both local and landscape variables. Further analysis was focused on the data from November (representing the fall peak) and April (representing the beginning of the spring peak). The major findings were: Medfly population was higher in plots that were closer to human communicates, presumably due to their proximity to private gardens; the medfly population was negatively affected by the proportion of the surrounding crop; larger plots with lower perimeter-to-area ratio and plots inside large citrus clusters had smaller populations of medflies; variety had inconsistent effect; and elevation showed inverse response (positive in November and negative in April). Additionally, during the fall peak, the medfly population was positively affected by the proportion of the surrounding deciduous orchards and negatively affected by pest aerial spraying rounds up to a certain number. The results of this study demonstrate that the medfly populations in citrus are affected by the composition of the external landscape. Thus, similar to other studies, this study encourages the adoption of area-wide integrated pest management protocols.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
The effect of local and landscape variables on Mediterranean fruit fly dynamics in citrus orchards utilizing the ecoinformatics approach
92

Opher Mendelsohn, Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Miriam Silberstein, Northern Research and Development, Northern Agriculture Research and Development, Kiryat Shmona, Israel

Yoav Gazit, The Israel Cohen Institute for Biological Control, Plant Production and Marketing Board, Citrus Division. Tel Aviv, Israel
 

The effect of local and landscape variables on Mediterranean fruit fly dynamics in citrus orchards utilizing the ecoinformatics approach

The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) (medfly), is a major pest among all varieties of citrus. Despite advances in recent years, knowledge about the effects of various variables on the spatiotemporal spread of the medfly is still limited. The goal of this study was to characterize the effects of various local and landscape variables on the population density of medfly in citrus orchards in Israel, utilizing the ecoinformatics approach. Data were collected during three citrus growing seasons (years). The medfly population data consisted of a weekly inspection of ~2300 traps. Thirteen potentially explanatory variables believed to influence the medfly populations were quantified. The contributions of the explanatory variables were analyzed using multimodel inference. Results show that the medfly population is affected by both local and landscape variables. Further analysis was focused on the data from November (representing the fall peak) and April (representing the beginning of the spring peak). The major findings were: Medfly population was higher in plots that were closer to human communicates, presumably due to their proximity to private gardens; the medfly population was negatively affected by the proportion of the surrounding crop; larger plots with lower perimeter-to-area ratio and plots inside large citrus clusters had smaller populations of medflies; variety had inconsistent effect; and elevation showed inverse response (positive in November and negative in April). Additionally, during the fall peak, the medfly population was positively affected by the proportion of the surrounding deciduous orchards and negatively affected by pest aerial spraying rounds up to a certain number. The results of this study demonstrate that the medfly populations in citrus are affected by the composition of the external landscape. Thus, similar to other studies, this study encourages the adoption of area-wide integrated pest management protocols.

Scientific Publication
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