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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Roles of three Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii efflux pump-coding genes in response to drug treatment
Year:
2018
Authors :
סיונוב, אדוארד
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Chang, M.; Lamichhane, A.K.; Kwon-Chung, K.J.; Changa, Y.C.

Facilitators :
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:

Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species complexes are the etiologic agents of cryptococcosis. We have deciphered the roles of three ABC transporters, Afr1, Afr2, and Mdr1, in the representative strains of the two species, C. neoformans H99 and C. gattii R265. Deletion of AFR1 in H99 and R265 drastically reduced the levels of resistance to three xenobiotics and three triazoles, suggesting that Afr1 is the major drug efflux pump in both strains. Fluconazole susceptibility was not affected when AFR2 or MDR1 was deleted in both strains. However, when these genes were deleted in combination with AFR1, a minor additive effect in susceptibility toward several drugs was observed. Deletion of all three genes in both strains caused further increases in susceptibility toward fluconazole and itraconazole, suggesting that Afr2 and Mdr1 augment Afr1 function in pumping these triazoles. Intracellular accumulation of Nile Red significantly increased in afr1Δ mutants of both strains, but rhodamine 6G accumulation increased only in the mdr1Δ mutant of H99. Thus, the three efflux pumps play different roles in the two strains when exposed to different azoles and xenobiotics. AFR1 and AFR2 expression was upregulated in H99 and R265 when treated with fluconazole. However, MDR1 expression was upregulated only in R265 under the same conditions. We screened a library of transcription factor mutants and identified several mutants that manifested either altered fluconazole sensitivity or an increase in the frequency of fluconazole heteroresistance. Gene expression analysis suggests that the three efflux pumps are regulated independently by different transcription factors in response to fluconazole exposure. © Copyright 2018 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Note:
Related Files :
ABC transport
Afr1
Afr2
Azoles
efflux pump
Mdr1
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01751-17
Article number:
0
Affiliations:

Molecular Microbiology Section, Laboratory of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States; Department of Food Quality and Safety, Institute for Postharvest and Food Sciences, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel

Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
35923
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
30/07/2018 14:08
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Scientific Publication
Roles of three Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii efflux pump-coding genes in response to drug treatment

Chang, M.; Lamichhane, A.K.; Kwon-Chung, K.J.; Changa, Y.C.

Roles of three Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii efflux pump-coding genes in response to drug treatment

Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species complexes are the etiologic agents of cryptococcosis. We have deciphered the roles of three ABC transporters, Afr1, Afr2, and Mdr1, in the representative strains of the two species, C. neoformans H99 and C. gattii R265. Deletion of AFR1 in H99 and R265 drastically reduced the levels of resistance to three xenobiotics and three triazoles, suggesting that Afr1 is the major drug efflux pump in both strains. Fluconazole susceptibility was not affected when AFR2 or MDR1 was deleted in both strains. However, when these genes were deleted in combination with AFR1, a minor additive effect in susceptibility toward several drugs was observed. Deletion of all three genes in both strains caused further increases in susceptibility toward fluconazole and itraconazole, suggesting that Afr2 and Mdr1 augment Afr1 function in pumping these triazoles. Intracellular accumulation of Nile Red significantly increased in afr1Δ mutants of both strains, but rhodamine 6G accumulation increased only in the mdr1Δ mutant of H99. Thus, the three efflux pumps play different roles in the two strains when exposed to different azoles and xenobiotics. AFR1 and AFR2 expression was upregulated in H99 and R265 when treated with fluconazole. However, MDR1 expression was upregulated only in R265 under the same conditions. We screened a library of transcription factor mutants and identified several mutants that manifested either altered fluconazole sensitivity or an increase in the frequency of fluconazole heteroresistance. Gene expression analysis suggests that the three efflux pumps are regulated independently by different transcription factors in response to fluconazole exposure. © Copyright 2018 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Scientific Publication
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