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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Differential carbohydrate gene expression during preplanting temperature treatments controls meristem termination and bulbing in garlic
Year:
2018
Authors :
אשל, דני
;
.
דורון-פייגנבאום, עדי
;
.
דעוס, אבינועם
;
.
טפר-במנולקר, פאולה
;
.
צ'אטורוודי, אמית קומר
;
.
קמנצקי, רינה
;
.
רוחקין שלום, שרית
;
.
Volume :
150
Co-Authors:

Salam, B.B.

Facilitators :
From page:
280
To page:
291
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:

Garlic is a sterile plant that reproduces vegetatively through cloves. We previously found that in 'Shani', a garlic cultivar adapted to Mediterranean climate, preplanting storage temperature alters plant development, architecture and yield during the growing period. To determine the possible mechanism underlying this phenomenon, the effects of two temperature treatments, 2 °C and 33 °C, were examined in the internal bud (IB) and storage leaf (SL) of garlic cloves using a transcriptomic approach. Higher representation of carbohydrate metabolism genes was found in cloves at 2 °C vs. 33 °C in both analyzed organs. Of the upregulated genes, 34% were common to IB and SL, whereas 15% and 51%, respectively, were organ-specific. Gene-ontology analysis confirmed that in both organs, carbohydrate metabolism-related genes are more highly expressed at 2 °C than at 33 °C. Chromatography analysis of fructan-degradation products sucrose and fructose in the IB and SL confirmed their higher availability at 2 °C vs. 33 °C. Expression analysis of garlic homologs of meristem-specific and flowering genes revealed differential expression patterns at 2 °C vs. 33 °C. RNA-Seq data were validated by real-time quantitative PCR of 10 candidate genes related to carbohydrate metabolism and flowering; results suggested that FLOWERING LOCUS T2 (FT2) is affected by carbohydrate metabolism. Overexpression of garlic FT2 in Arabidopsis resulted in an early-flowering phenotype and early termination of stem development. We suggest that preplanting environment temperature alters carbohydrate metabolism and consequently FT2 expression, affecting the timing of meristem termination and bulbing after replanting the garlic clove. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Note:
Related Files :
Allium sativum
Allium sativum
Carbohydrate
FLOWERING LOCUS T
fructan
gene expression
Postharvest
transcriptome
vernalization
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2018.01.013
Article number:
0
Affiliations:

Department of Postharvest Science, The Volcani Center, ARO, Rishon LeZion, Israel; Department of Vegetable and Field Crops, The Volcani Center, ARO, Rishon LeZion, Israel; The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Rehovot, Israel; Department of Ornamental Horticulture and Biotechnology, The Volcani Center, ARO, Rishon LeZion, Israel

Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
36114
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
01/08/2018 10:51
Scientific Publication
Differential carbohydrate gene expression during preplanting temperature treatments controls meristem termination and bulbing in garlic
150

Salam, B.B.

Differential carbohydrate gene expression during preplanting temperature treatments controls meristem termination and bulbing in garlic

Garlic is a sterile plant that reproduces vegetatively through cloves. We previously found that in 'Shani', a garlic cultivar adapted to Mediterranean climate, preplanting storage temperature alters plant development, architecture and yield during the growing period. To determine the possible mechanism underlying this phenomenon, the effects of two temperature treatments, 2 °C and 33 °C, were examined in the internal bud (IB) and storage leaf (SL) of garlic cloves using a transcriptomic approach. Higher representation of carbohydrate metabolism genes was found in cloves at 2 °C vs. 33 °C in both analyzed organs. Of the upregulated genes, 34% were common to IB and SL, whereas 15% and 51%, respectively, were organ-specific. Gene-ontology analysis confirmed that in both organs, carbohydrate metabolism-related genes are more highly expressed at 2 °C than at 33 °C. Chromatography analysis of fructan-degradation products sucrose and fructose in the IB and SL confirmed their higher availability at 2 °C vs. 33 °C. Expression analysis of garlic homologs of meristem-specific and flowering genes revealed differential expression patterns at 2 °C vs. 33 °C. RNA-Seq data were validated by real-time quantitative PCR of 10 candidate genes related to carbohydrate metabolism and flowering; results suggested that FLOWERING LOCUS T2 (FT2) is affected by carbohydrate metabolism. Overexpression of garlic FT2 in Arabidopsis resulted in an early-flowering phenotype and early termination of stem development. We suggest that preplanting environment temperature alters carbohydrate metabolism and consequently FT2 expression, affecting the timing of meristem termination and bulbing after replanting the garlic clove. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Scientific Publication
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