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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Effect of Water Surface Salinity on Evaporation: The Case of a Diluted Buoyant Plume Over the Dead Sea
Year:
2018
Source of publication :
Water Resources Research
Authors :
אסולין, שמואל
;
.
טנאי, יוסף
;
.
Volume :
54
Co-Authors:

Mor, Z., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, The Fredy and Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, Edmond J. Safra Campus, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel;

Lensky, I.M., Department of Geography and Environment, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel; Lensky, N.G., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
1460
To page:
1475
(
Total pages:
16
)
Abstract:

Evaporation from water bodies strongly depends on surface water salinity. Spatial variation of surface salinity of saline water bodies commonly occurs across diluted buoyant plumes fed by freshwater inflows. Although mainly studied at the pan evaporation scale, the effect of surface water salinity on evaporation has not yet been investigated by means of direct measurement at the scale of natural water bodies. The Dead Sea, a large hypersaline lake, is fed by onshore freshwater springs that form local diluted buoyant plumes, offering a unique opportunity to explore this effect. Surface heat fluxes, micrometeorological variables, and water temperature and salinity profiles were measured simultaneously and directly over the salty lake and over a region of diluted buoyant plume. Relatively close meteorological conditions prevailed in the two regions; however, surface water salinity was significantly different. Evaporation rate from the diluted plume was occasionally 3 times larger than that of the main salty lake. In the open lake, where salinity was uniform with depth, increased wind speed resulted in increased evaporation rate, as expected. However, in the buoyant plume where diluted brine floats over the hypersaline brine, wind speed above a threshold value (∼4 m s−1) caused a sharp decrease in evaporation probably due to mixing of the stratified plume and a consequent increase in the surface water salinity. © 2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Note:
Related Files :
Dead Sea
dilution
hypersaline environment
saline water
salinity
surface water
thermal stratification
wind
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://doi.org/10.1002/2017WR021995
Article number:
0
Affiliations:

Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel; The Fredy and Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, Edmond J. Safra Campus, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel; Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Rishon LeZion, Israel; HIT - Holon Institute of Technology, Holon, Israel; Department of Geography and Environment, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel

Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
36574
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
12/08/2018 15:03
Scientific Publication
Effect of Water Surface Salinity on Evaporation: The Case of a Diluted Buoyant Plume Over the Dead Sea
54

Mor, Z., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, The Fredy and Nadine Herrmann Institute of Earth Sciences, Edmond J. Safra Campus, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, Israel;

Lensky, I.M., Department of Geography and Environment, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel; Lensky, N.G., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel

Effect of Water Surface Salinity on Evaporation: The Case of a Diluted Buoyant Plume Over the Dead Sea

Evaporation from water bodies strongly depends on surface water salinity. Spatial variation of surface salinity of saline water bodies commonly occurs across diluted buoyant plumes fed by freshwater inflows. Although mainly studied at the pan evaporation scale, the effect of surface water salinity on evaporation has not yet been investigated by means of direct measurement at the scale of natural water bodies. The Dead Sea, a large hypersaline lake, is fed by onshore freshwater springs that form local diluted buoyant plumes, offering a unique opportunity to explore this effect. Surface heat fluxes, micrometeorological variables, and water temperature and salinity profiles were measured simultaneously and directly over the salty lake and over a region of diluted buoyant plume. Relatively close meteorological conditions prevailed in the two regions; however, surface water salinity was significantly different. Evaporation rate from the diluted plume was occasionally 3 times larger than that of the main salty lake. In the open lake, where salinity was uniform with depth, increased wind speed resulted in increased evaporation rate, as expected. However, in the buoyant plume where diluted brine floats over the hypersaline brine, wind speed above a threshold value (∼4 m s−1) caused a sharp decrease in evaporation probably due to mixing of the stratified plume and a consequent increase in the surface water salinity. © 2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Scientific Publication
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