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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Cultural and Integrated Control of Botrytis spp.
Year:
2016
Authors :
אלעד, יגאל
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
149
To page:
164
(
Total pages:
16
)
Abstract:

Epidemics of Botrytis-incited grey mould are common in open fields, orchards and greenhouses. These infections are promoted by high humidity and the presence of a film of water on susceptible plant organs and those conditions may be manipulated to prevent infection. Traditionally, heating greenhouses was a popular means of controlling the humidity in those structures and this practice remains popular in some temperate regions. However, the cost of active heating has forced farmers in some regions to abandon this disease-management strategy, which has led to the increased incidence and severity of grey mould, as susceptible organs of the crop plants remain wet for longer periods of time. Cultural methods for controlling Botrytis-incited disease include reducing the planting density, managing the crop canopy to allow for the aeration of the crop or susceptible organs via passive and active ventilation, fertigation with increased levels of potassium and calcium and reduced amounts of nitrogen, the use of soil mulch and passive solar heating of unheated greenhouses, avoiding harvesting on rainy days, and timing fungicide applications for the optimal protection of fresh harvest wounds and so that the crop remains wet for shorter periods of time. Row and field positioning and direction can affect grey mould as these factors affect local air movement and temporal temperature changes. A combination of treatments can provide better grey mould suppression than individual treatments and appropriate integration of control measures can provide sufficient disease control with minimal use of chemical fungicides.

Note:
Related Files :
Agrotechnical disease control
Botrytis
Control
Integrated disease management
plant nutrition
plant protection
Resistance
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23371-0_8
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
גוגל סקולר
Publication Type:
פרק מתוך ספר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
37498
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
09/10/2018 11:09
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Scientific Publication
Cultural and Integrated Control of Botrytis spp.
Cultural and Integrated Control of Botrytis spp.

Epidemics of Botrytis-incited grey mould are common in open fields, orchards and greenhouses. These infections are promoted by high humidity and the presence of a film of water on susceptible plant organs and those conditions may be manipulated to prevent infection. Traditionally, heating greenhouses was a popular means of controlling the humidity in those structures and this practice remains popular in some temperate regions. However, the cost of active heating has forced farmers in some regions to abandon this disease-management strategy, which has led to the increased incidence and severity of grey mould, as susceptible organs of the crop plants remain wet for longer periods of time. Cultural methods for controlling Botrytis-incited disease include reducing the planting density, managing the crop canopy to allow for the aeration of the crop or susceptible organs via passive and active ventilation, fertigation with increased levels of potassium and calcium and reduced amounts of nitrogen, the use of soil mulch and passive solar heating of unheated greenhouses, avoiding harvesting on rainy days, and timing fungicide applications for the optimal protection of fresh harvest wounds and so that the crop remains wet for shorter periods of time. Row and field positioning and direction can affect grey mould as these factors affect local air movement and temporal temperature changes. A combination of treatments can provide better grey mould suppression than individual treatments and appropriate integration of control measures can provide sufficient disease control with minimal use of chemical fungicides.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in