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Molecular Plant Pathology

Tannous, J., Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States; ; Keller, N.P., Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States, Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States

Amongst the universal diseases affecting apples, blue mould caused by Penicillium expansum is a major concern, resulting in yield and quality losses as a result of the production of the mycotoxin patulin. Despite the characterization of the patulin biosynthetic gene cluster at both the molecular and chemical levels, the underlying regulation of patulin biosynthesis in P. expansum and the mechanisms of apple colonization remain largely obscure. Recent work has indicated that sucrose, a carbon catabolite repressive metabolite, is a critical factor in the regulation of patulin synthesis. Here, CreA, the global carbon catabolite regulator, was assessed for virulence both in vitro and in vivo. We showed that loss-of-function creA strains were nearly avirulent and did not produce patulin in apples. On the basis of RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis and physiological experimentation, these mutants were unable to successfully colonize apples for a multitude of potential mechanisms including, on the pathogen side, a decreased ability to produce proteolytic enzymes and to acidify the environment and impaired carbon/nitrogen metabolism and, on the host side, an increase in the oxidative defence pathways. Our study defines CreA and its downstream signalling pathways as promising targets for the development of strategies to fight against the development and virulence of this post-harvest pathogen. © 2018 BSPP AND JOHN WI LEY & SONS LTD

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Fungal attack and host defence pathways unveiled in near-avirulent interactions of Penicillium expansum creA mutants on apples
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Tannous, J., Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States; ; Keller, N.P., Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States, Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI  53706, United States

Fungal attack and host defence pathways unveiled in near-avirulent interactions of Penicillium expansum creA mutants on apples

Amongst the universal diseases affecting apples, blue mould caused by Penicillium expansum is a major concern, resulting in yield and quality losses as a result of the production of the mycotoxin patulin. Despite the characterization of the patulin biosynthetic gene cluster at both the molecular and chemical levels, the underlying regulation of patulin biosynthesis in P. expansum and the mechanisms of apple colonization remain largely obscure. Recent work has indicated that sucrose, a carbon catabolite repressive metabolite, is a critical factor in the regulation of patulin synthesis. Here, CreA, the global carbon catabolite regulator, was assessed for virulence both in vitro and in vivo. We showed that loss-of-function creA strains were nearly avirulent and did not produce patulin in apples. On the basis of RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis and physiological experimentation, these mutants were unable to successfully colonize apples for a multitude of potential mechanisms including, on the pathogen side, a decreased ability to produce proteolytic enzymes and to acidify the environment and impaired carbon/nitrogen metabolism and, on the host side, an increase in the oxidative defence pathways. Our study defines CreA and its downstream signalling pathways as promising targets for the development of strategies to fight against the development and virulence of this post-harvest pathogen. © 2018 BSPP AND JOHN WI LEY & SONS LTD

Scientific Publication
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