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James J. Stapleton

Combining soil solarization with organic amendments, as a tool for improved control of plant pests, represents a fusion of two separate approaches that were developed at different times under different circumstances. Organic materials of various kinds have traditionally been used to improve soil fertility, as well as to reduce soil pest infestation. Soil solarization is a later approach. The combination of soil solarization with organic amendments first received attention in the work of Ramirez-Villapudua and Munnecke, who demonstrated improved control of Fusarium cabbage yellows by the solarization of soil amended with cabbage residues. Above all, studies indicated that this chain of reactions results in improved control of soilborne pests, some of which were not effectively controlled by either method alone. The simple application of such a combination, together with the global trend toward reducing the use of soil fumigants, has boosted its commercial application in organic production as well as conventional farming.

Chapter 12

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Combining Soil Solarization with Organic Amendments for the Control of Soilborne Pests

James J. Stapleton

Combining Soil Solarization with Organic Amendments for the Control of Soilborne Pests

Combining soil solarization with organic amendments, as a tool for improved control of plant pests, represents a fusion of two separate approaches that were developed at different times under different circumstances. Organic materials of various kinds have traditionally been used to improve soil fertility, as well as to reduce soil pest infestation. Soil solarization is a later approach. The combination of soil solarization with organic amendments first received attention in the work of Ramirez-Villapudua and Munnecke, who demonstrated improved control of Fusarium cabbage yellows by the solarization of soil amended with cabbage residues. Above all, studies indicated that this chain of reactions results in improved control of soilborne pests, some of which were not effectively controlled by either method alone. The simple application of such a combination, together with the global trend toward reducing the use of soil fumigants, has boosted its commercial application in organic production as well as conventional farming.

Chapter 12

Scientific Publication
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