חיפוש מתקדם
Fungal ecology

Interactions between the fungal symbionts of the polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB) Euwallacea nr. fornicatus and avocado host trees of cultivars ‘Hass’ and ‘Ettinger’ were studied, with emphasis on the three symbiotic fungi of the beetle. Fusarium euwallaceae did not spread far from the beetle galleries and remained viable in live xylem for 25 months; Graphium euwallaceae and Paracremonium pembeum disappeared from the live tissue 2 months after inoculation, but remained viable in dead xylem. The role of F. euwallaceae as a pathogen that contributes to typical wilting symptoms of PSHB-colonized avocado branches was assessed. The enhanced resistance of ‘Ettinger’ than of ‘Hass’ as manifested in its fewer beetle attacks was not reflected in the interaction of these cultivars with the symbiotic fungi. The specific pseudo-pathogenic interaction of F. euwallaceae with the xylem may be the key to understanding the different susceptibility between attacked hosts. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and British Mycological Society

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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Aposymbiotic interactions of three ambrosia beetle fungi with avocado trees
Aposymbiotic interactions of three ambrosia beetle fungi with avocado trees

Interactions between the fungal symbionts of the polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB) Euwallacea nr. fornicatus and avocado host trees of cultivars ‘Hass’ and ‘Ettinger’ were studied, with emphasis on the three symbiotic fungi of the beetle. Fusarium euwallaceae did not spread far from the beetle galleries and remained viable in live xylem for 25 months; Graphium euwallaceae and Paracremonium pembeum disappeared from the live tissue 2 months after inoculation, but remained viable in dead xylem. The role of F. euwallaceae as a pathogen that contributes to typical wilting symptoms of PSHB-colonized avocado branches was assessed. The enhanced resistance of ‘Ettinger’ than of ‘Hass’ as manifested in its fewer beetle attacks was not reflected in the interaction of these cultivars with the symbiotic fungi. The specific pseudo-pathogenic interaction of F. euwallaceae with the xylem may be the key to understanding the different susceptibility between attacked hosts. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and British Mycological Society

Scientific Publication
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