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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Nutrient use efficiency and harvest index of cassava decline as fertigation solution concentration increases
Year:
2018
Authors :
ירמיהו, אורי
;
.
Volume :
181
Co-Authors:

Omondi, J. O., Lazarovitch, N., Rachmilevitch, S., Boahen, S., Ntawuruhunga, P., Sokolowski, E.

Facilitators :
From page:
644
To page:
654
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:

Response of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to fertigation as a form of nutrient delivery is unknown. The objectives of this study were to establish a balanced nutrition and to enhance agronomic nutrient use efficiency (ANUE) of cassava under fertigation. This study was conducted in the greenhouse and in the field. In both, the results showed a similar trend. There were six fertigation concentrations and three cassava varieties, selected for their duration of growth in the field. Shoot biomass of the long‐duration variety (Nalumino) was the highest, even though its dry root yield was the lowest (10.18 t ha−1) among the varieties. In contrast, the medium‐duration variety (Kampolombo) produced the highest dry root yield (20.34 t ha−1) and a lower shoot biomass. The highest root yield of the shortest‐duration variety (Mweru) was achieved at 200 mg N, 30 mg P, and 200 mg K L−1 (155.0, 23.3, 155.0 kg N, P, K ha−1), while Nalumino's was at 70 mg N, 7 mg P, and 70 mg K L−1 (54.3, 5.4, 54.3 kg N, P, K ha−1). ANUE and harvest index of these varieties declined as the fertigation concentrations increased. Additionally, the correlation between concentrations of N in the youngest fully expanded leaf (YFEL) blades and dry root yields was the lowest (R2 = 0.5488), whereas P and K were R2 = 0.7237 and R2 = 0.8006, respectively, an indication that nutrient concentrations in the leaf, especially N, cannot easily be used to predict root yield. When cassava reaches nutrient sufficiency, mainly N, its accumulation in the leaf continues without significant increase in the root yield.

Note:
Related Files :
cassava
fertigation
irrigation
Macronutrients
Manihot esculenta
nutrient use efficiency
plant nutrition
root crops
Starch
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1002/jpln.201700455
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
גוגל סקולר
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
39394
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
24/02/2019 10:40
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Scientific Publication
Nutrient use efficiency and harvest index of cassava decline as fertigation solution concentration increases
181

Omondi, J. O., Lazarovitch, N., Rachmilevitch, S., Boahen, S., Ntawuruhunga, P., Sokolowski, E.

Nutrient use efficiency and harvest index of cassava decline as fertigation solution concentration increases

Response of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) to fertigation as a form of nutrient delivery is unknown. The objectives of this study were to establish a balanced nutrition and to enhance agronomic nutrient use efficiency (ANUE) of cassava under fertigation. This study was conducted in the greenhouse and in the field. In both, the results showed a similar trend. There were six fertigation concentrations and three cassava varieties, selected for their duration of growth in the field. Shoot biomass of the long‐duration variety (Nalumino) was the highest, even though its dry root yield was the lowest (10.18 t ha−1) among the varieties. In contrast, the medium‐duration variety (Kampolombo) produced the highest dry root yield (20.34 t ha−1) and a lower shoot biomass. The highest root yield of the shortest‐duration variety (Mweru) was achieved at 200 mg N, 30 mg P, and 200 mg K L−1 (155.0, 23.3, 155.0 kg N, P, K ha−1), while Nalumino's was at 70 mg N, 7 mg P, and 70 mg K L−1 (54.3, 5.4, 54.3 kg N, P, K ha−1). ANUE and harvest index of these varieties declined as the fertigation concentrations increased. Additionally, the correlation between concentrations of N in the youngest fully expanded leaf (YFEL) blades and dry root yields was the lowest (R2 = 0.5488), whereas P and K were R2 = 0.7237 and R2 = 0.8006, respectively, an indication that nutrient concentrations in the leaf, especially N, cannot easily be used to predict root yield. When cassava reaches nutrient sufficiency, mainly N, its accumulation in the leaf continues without significant increase in the root yield.

Scientific Publication
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