נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
תחביר
חפש...
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
ניהול
קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Altered peptide ligands act as partial agonists by inhibiting phospholipase C activity induced by myasthenogenic T cell epitopes
Year:
1998
Authors :
אלמן, ענת
;
.
Volume :
95
Co-Authors:

Miri Paas-Rozner, Michael Sela, Edna Mozes - Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
14320
To page:
14325
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a T cell-regulated, antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. Two peptides representing sequences of the human acetylcholine receptor α-subunit, p195–212 and p259–271, previously were shown to stimulate the proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with MG and were found to be immunodominant T cell epitopes in SJL and BALB/c mice, respectively. Single amino acid-substituted analogs of p195–212 and p259–271, as well as a dual analog composed of the tandemly arranged two single analogs, were shown to inhibit, in vitro and in vivo, MG-associated autoimmune responses. Stimulation of T cells through the antigen-specific T cell receptor activates tyrosine kinases and phospholipase C (PLC). Therefore, in attempts to understand the mechanism of action of the analogs, we first examined whether the myasthenogenic peptides trigger tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phospholipase C. For that purpose, we measured generation of inositol phosphates and tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC after stimulation of the p195–212- and p259–271-specific T cell lines with these myasthenogenic peptides. Both myasthenogenic peptides stimulated generation of inositol phosphates as well as tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC. However, the single and dual analogs, although inducing tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC, could not induce PLC activity. Furthermore, the single and dual analogs inhibited the induced PLC activity whereas they could not inhibit tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC that was caused by the myasthenogenic peptides. Thus, the altered peptides and the dual analog act as partial agonists. The down-regulation of PLC activity by the analogs may account for their capacity to inhibit in vitro MG-associated T cell responses.

Note:
Related Files :
Acetylcholine receptor
agonists
autoimmune diseases
Ligands
peptide
phospholipase C
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.24.14320
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
גוגל סקולר
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
39547
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
18/03/2019 12:26
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Altered peptide ligands act as partial agonists by inhibiting phospholipase C activity induced by myasthenogenic T cell epitopes
95

Miri Paas-Rozner, Michael Sela, Edna Mozes - Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Altered peptide ligands act as partial agonists by inhibiting phospholipase C activity induced by myasthenogenic T cell epitopes

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a T cell-regulated, antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. Two peptides representing sequences of the human acetylcholine receptor α-subunit, p195–212 and p259–271, previously were shown to stimulate the proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with MG and were found to be immunodominant T cell epitopes in SJL and BALB/c mice, respectively. Single amino acid-substituted analogs of p195–212 and p259–271, as well as a dual analog composed of the tandemly arranged two single analogs, were shown to inhibit, in vitro and in vivo, MG-associated autoimmune responses. Stimulation of T cells through the antigen-specific T cell receptor activates tyrosine kinases and phospholipase C (PLC). Therefore, in attempts to understand the mechanism of action of the analogs, we first examined whether the myasthenogenic peptides trigger tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of phospholipase C. For that purpose, we measured generation of inositol phosphates and tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC after stimulation of the p195–212- and p259–271-specific T cell lines with these myasthenogenic peptides. Both myasthenogenic peptides stimulated generation of inositol phosphates as well as tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC. However, the single and dual analogs, although inducing tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC, could not induce PLC activity. Furthermore, the single and dual analogs inhibited the induced PLC activity whereas they could not inhibit tyrosine phosphorylation of PLC that was caused by the myasthenogenic peptides. Thus, the altered peptides and the dual analog act as partial agonists. The down-regulation of PLC activity by the analogs may account for their capacity to inhibit in vitro MG-associated T cell responses.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in