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Bovine mastitis (BM) is a frequent disease in the dairy industry that causes staggering economical losses due to decreased milk production and increased health care costs. Traditionally, BM detection depends on the efficacy and reliability of analytical techniques that measure somatic cell counts (SCC), detect pathogens, and reveal inflammatory status. Herein, we demonstrate the detection of bovine haptoglobin, a well-documented acute phase protein for evaluating BM clinical status, by utilizing hemoglobin-binding capacity within luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system. The resulting haptoglobin–hemoglobin complex reduces the CL signal proportionally to inherent haptoglobin concentrations. Different sizes of cross-linked gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were examined for enhanced CL (eCL) signal amplification, presenting over 30-fold emitted radiation enhancement for optimized size within real milk samples with respect to nanoparticle-free assay. The eCL values were proportionally related to nanoparticle size and content, influenced by SCC and pathogen type (e.g., Escherichia coli and coagulase-negative staphylococci). The optimized bioassay showed a broad linear response (1 pg mL−1–10 µg mL−1) and minute detection limit of 0.19 pg mL−1, while presenting quantitative performance in agreement with commercial ELISA kit. Finally, the resulting optimized eCL concept offers an efficient label-free detection of haptoglobin biomarker, offering means to diagnose the severity of the associated diseases.

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הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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Gold Nanoparticle Size-Dependent Enhanced Chemiluminescence for Ultra-Sensitive Haptoglobin Biomarker Detection
9(8): 372
Gold Nanoparticle Size-Dependent Enhanced Chemiluminescence for Ultra-Sensitive Haptoglobin Biomarker Detection

Bovine mastitis (BM) is a frequent disease in the dairy industry that causes staggering economical losses due to decreased milk production and increased health care costs. Traditionally, BM detection depends on the efficacy and reliability of analytical techniques that measure somatic cell counts (SCC), detect pathogens, and reveal inflammatory status. Herein, we demonstrate the detection of bovine haptoglobin, a well-documented acute phase protein for evaluating BM clinical status, by utilizing hemoglobin-binding capacity within luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system. The resulting haptoglobin–hemoglobin complex reduces the CL signal proportionally to inherent haptoglobin concentrations. Different sizes of cross-linked gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were examined for enhanced CL (eCL) signal amplification, presenting over 30-fold emitted radiation enhancement for optimized size within real milk samples with respect to nanoparticle-free assay. The eCL values were proportionally related to nanoparticle size and content, influenced by SCC and pathogen type (e.g., Escherichia coli and coagulase-negative staphylococci). The optimized bioassay showed a broad linear response (1 pg mL−1–10 µg mL−1) and minute detection limit of 0.19 pg mL−1, while presenting quantitative performance in agreement with commercial ELISA kit. Finally, the resulting optimized eCL concept offers an efficient label-free detection of haptoglobin biomarker, offering means to diagnose the severity of the associated diseases.

Scientific Publication
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