Animals (journal)

Mugagga Kalyesubula, Tamir Alon - Department of Animal Science, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 7610001, Israel

Negative energy balance (NEB) is a state of insufficient dietary‐energy consumption, characterized by the breakdown of adipose fat to meet the physiological energy expenditure. Extensive NEB, as common in high‐yielding transitioning ruminants, drives significant metabolic disturbance and pathologies such as pregnancy toxemia and ketosis. Strategies to minimize the severity of NEB include the use of energy‐dense feed supplements, like glycerol and propylene glycol (PG), or IV glucose infusion during severe hypoglycemia. PG and glycerol have been studied mainly by oral or ruminal administration, which exposes them to substantial metabolism in the digestive system. To investigate their direct benefits to mitigating NEB, we intravenously infused them into sheep induced into NEB by feed restriction. Sixteen 5month‐old ewe lambs at NEB were IV‐treated with 170 mL isotonic saline containing 15% glycerol or 15% PG. Both PG and glycerol effectively reduced hyperketonemia by 57% and 61%, and inhibited adipose lipolysis by 73.6% and 73.3%, respectively. Surprisingly, only glycerol was glucogenic (p < 0.0001) and insulinotropic (p <0.0075), while PG was primarily utilized for production of lactate (p < 0.0001). Tissue‐damage biomarkers indicated hemolytic activity for PG. This study revealed glycerol as a superior IV treatment for effective relief of NEB. Since it carries no risk of glucose overloading, glycerol IV  infusion may also have clinical advantages over glucose for treatment of pregnancy toxemia and ketosis.
 

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Intravenous Infusions of Glycerol Versus Propylene Glycol for the Regulation of Negative Energy Balance in Sheep: A Randomized Trial

Mugagga Kalyesubula, Tamir Alon - Department of Animal Science, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 7610001, Israel

Negative energy balance (NEB) is a state of insufficient dietary‐energy consumption, characterized by the breakdown of adipose fat to meet the physiological energy expenditure. Extensive NEB, as common in high‐yielding transitioning ruminants, drives significant metabolic disturbance and pathologies such as pregnancy toxemia and ketosis. Strategies to minimize the severity of NEB include the use of energy‐dense feed supplements, like glycerol and propylene glycol (PG), or IV glucose infusion during severe hypoglycemia. PG and glycerol have been studied mainly by oral or ruminal administration, which exposes them to substantial metabolism in the digestive system. To investigate their direct benefits to mitigating NEB, we intravenously infused them into sheep induced into NEB by feed restriction. Sixteen 5month‐old ewe lambs at NEB were IV‐treated with 170 mL isotonic saline containing 15% glycerol or 15% PG. Both PG and glycerol effectively reduced hyperketonemia by 57% and 61%, and inhibited adipose lipolysis by 73.6% and 73.3%, respectively. Surprisingly, only glycerol was glucogenic (p < 0.0001) and insulinotropic (p <0.0075), while PG was primarily utilized for production of lactate (p < 0.0001). Tissue‐damage biomarkers indicated hemolytic activity for PG. This study revealed glycerol as a superior IV treatment for effective relief of NEB. Since it carries no risk of glucose overloading, glycerol IV  infusion may also have clinical advantages over glucose for treatment of pregnancy toxemia and ketosis.
 

Scientific Publication