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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Nitrogen source and nitrification inhibitors affect soil nutrient status and Star Ruby grapefruit performance
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Citrus Research & Technology
Authors :
ארנר, יאיר
;
.
בר-טל, אשר
;
.
בר-יוסף, בניהו
;
.
לבקוביץ', אירית
;
.
תגרי, אליעזר
;
.
Volume :
37
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
182
To page:
193
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:

Nitrogen (N) source is known to affect ion composition and organic acid production in plants. We determined the effects of N source and nitrification inhibitors (NI) on soil solution ionic composition and nutrient availability, grapefruit yield and quality, and accumulation of carboxylic acids in fruits as expressed by fruit acidity. The individual and combined effects of N source (fertilizers or effluent) and NI on mature grapefruit trees were studied in a commercial orchard planted on a sandy loam soil and drip-fertigated. Fertilization with ammonium sulfate (AS) resulted in soil acidification during the irrigation season from pH 7.4 to 6.1, and increased P, Mn and Ca concentrations in the soil solution relative to the ammonium nitrate (AN) treatment. Consequently, under AS treatment, P and Mn uptake, chlorophyll content in leaves and fruits, total soluble solids (TSS) in fruits, were higher than in the other treatments. Excess ammonium concentration in the soil solution inhibited Ca and K uptake without significantly reducing fruit acidity. The positive correlation found between Ca in leaf and yield was unexpected since the soils are calcareous. The presence of dissolved organic N in the effluent treatment diminished the impact of ammonium on soil pH. Application of NI had a negligible effect on fruit yield and quality but enhanced the capacity of AS to raise N uptake above that achieved with AN or effluent. Consequently, it reduced the potential for N leaching from the soil.

Note:
Related Files :
3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate
ammonium
chlorophyll
Dicyandiamide
effluent
nitrate
nitrate pollution
soil
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/crt.ICC020
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
גוגל סקולר
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
44503
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
30/10/2019 13:27
Scientific Publication
Nitrogen source and nitrification inhibitors affect soil nutrient status and Star Ruby grapefruit performance
37
Nitrogen source and nitrification inhibitors affect soil nutrient status and Star Ruby grapefruit performance

Nitrogen (N) source is known to affect ion composition and organic acid production in plants. We determined the effects of N source and nitrification inhibitors (NI) on soil solution ionic composition and nutrient availability, grapefruit yield and quality, and accumulation of carboxylic acids in fruits as expressed by fruit acidity. The individual and combined effects of N source (fertilizers or effluent) and NI on mature grapefruit trees were studied in a commercial orchard planted on a sandy loam soil and drip-fertigated. Fertilization with ammonium sulfate (AS) resulted in soil acidification during the irrigation season from pH 7.4 to 6.1, and increased P, Mn and Ca concentrations in the soil solution relative to the ammonium nitrate (AN) treatment. Consequently, under AS treatment, P and Mn uptake, chlorophyll content in leaves and fruits, total soluble solids (TSS) in fruits, were higher than in the other treatments. Excess ammonium concentration in the soil solution inhibited Ca and K uptake without significantly reducing fruit acidity. The positive correlation found between Ca in leaf and yield was unexpected since the soils are calcareous. The presence of dissolved organic N in the effluent treatment diminished the impact of ammonium on soil pH. Application of NI had a negligible effect on fruit yield and quality but enhanced the capacity of AS to raise N uptake above that achieved with AN or effluent. Consequently, it reduced the potential for N leaching from the soil.

Scientific Publication
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