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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Diversity of nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria associated with sugarcane: a comprehensive study of plant-microbe interactions for growth enhancement in Saccharum spp.
Year:
2020
Source of publication :
BMC Plant Biology
Authors :
סולנקי, מנוג' קומאר
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:

Rajesh Kumar Singh - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Pratiksha Singh  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

 Hai-Bi Li  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Qi-Qi Song  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Dao-Jun Guo  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Krishan K Verma  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

 Mukesh K Malviya  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Xiu-Peng Song  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Prakash Lakshmanan  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Li-Tao Yang  - College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Yang-Rui Li  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Facilitators :
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Total pages:
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Abstract:

Background: Nitrogen is an essential element for sugarcane growth and development and is generally applied in the form of urea often much more than at recommended rates, causing serious soil degradation, particularly soil acidification, as well as groundwater and air pollution. In spite of the importance of nitrogen for plant growth, fewer reports are available to understand the application and biological role of N2 fixing bacteria to improve N2 nutrition in the sugarcane plant.

Results: In this study, a total of 350 different bacterial strains were isolated from rhizospheric soil samples of the sugarcane plants. Out of these, 22 isolates were selected based on plant growth promotion traits, biocontrol, and nitrogenase activity. The presence and activity of the nifH gene and the ability of nitrogen-fixation proved that all 22 selected strains have the ability to fix nitrogen. These strains were used to perform 16S rRNA and rpoB genes for their identification. The resulted amplicons were sequenced and phylogenetic analysis was constructed. Among the screened strains for nitrogen fixation, CY5 (Bacillus megaterium) and CA1 (Bacillus mycoides) were the most prominent. These two strains were examined for functional diversity using Biolog phenotyping, which confirmed the consumption of diverse carbon and nitrogen sources and tolerance to low pH and osmotic stress. The inoculated bacterial strains colonized the sugarcane rhizosphere successfully and were mostly located in root and leaf. The expression of the nifH gene in both sugarcane varieties (GT11 and GXB9) inoculated with CY5 and CA1 was confirmed. The gene expression studies showed enhanced expression of genes of various enzymes such as catalase, phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase, superoxide dismutase, chitinase and glucanase in bacterial-inoculated sugarcane plants.

Conclusion: The results showed that a substantial number of Bacillus isolates have N-fixation and biocontrol property against two sugarcane pathogens Sporisorium scitamineum and Ceratocystis paradoxa. The increased activity of genes controlling free radical metabolism may at least in part accounts for the increased tolerance to pathogens. Nitrogen-fixation was confirmed in sugarcane inoculated with B. megaterium and B. mycoides strains using N-balance and 15N2 isotope dilution in different plant parts of sugarcane. This is the first report of Bacillus mycoides as a nitrogen-fixing rhizobacterium in sugarcane.

Note:
Related Files :
15N2 isotope
genetic diversity
GFP
Microbe-plant interactions
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria
PGPR
QRT-PCR
sugarcane
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1186/s12870-020-02400-9
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
47971
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
27/05/2020 16:59
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Scientific Publication
Diversity of nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria associated with sugarcane: a comprehensive study of plant-microbe interactions for growth enhancement in Saccharum spp.
20

Rajesh Kumar Singh - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Pratiksha Singh  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

 Hai-Bi Li  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Qi-Qi Song  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Dao-Jun Guo  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Krishan K Verma  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

 Mukesh K Malviya  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Xiu-Peng Song  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Prakash Lakshmanan  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Li-Tao Yang  - College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.; Guangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.

Yang-Rui Li  - Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture, Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement, Sugarcane Research Institute, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanning, 530007, Guangxi, China.; College of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bio resources, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530005, China.

Diversity of nitrogen-fixing rhizobacteria associated with sugarcane: a comprehensive study of plant-microbe interactions for growth enhancement in Saccharum spp.

Background: Nitrogen is an essential element for sugarcane growth and development and is generally applied in the form of urea often much more than at recommended rates, causing serious soil degradation, particularly soil acidification, as well as groundwater and air pollution. In spite of the importance of nitrogen for plant growth, fewer reports are available to understand the application and biological role of N2 fixing bacteria to improve N2 nutrition in the sugarcane plant.

Results: In this study, a total of 350 different bacterial strains were isolated from rhizospheric soil samples of the sugarcane plants. Out of these, 22 isolates were selected based on plant growth promotion traits, biocontrol, and nitrogenase activity. The presence and activity of the nifH gene and the ability of nitrogen-fixation proved that all 22 selected strains have the ability to fix nitrogen. These strains were used to perform 16S rRNA and rpoB genes for their identification. The resulted amplicons were sequenced and phylogenetic analysis was constructed. Among the screened strains for nitrogen fixation, CY5 (Bacillus megaterium) and CA1 (Bacillus mycoides) were the most prominent. These two strains were examined for functional diversity using Biolog phenotyping, which confirmed the consumption of diverse carbon and nitrogen sources and tolerance to low pH and osmotic stress. The inoculated bacterial strains colonized the sugarcane rhizosphere successfully and were mostly located in root and leaf. The expression of the nifH gene in both sugarcane varieties (GT11 and GXB9) inoculated with CY5 and CA1 was confirmed. The gene expression studies showed enhanced expression of genes of various enzymes such as catalase, phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase, superoxide dismutase, chitinase and glucanase in bacterial-inoculated sugarcane plants.

Conclusion: The results showed that a substantial number of Bacillus isolates have N-fixation and biocontrol property against two sugarcane pathogens Sporisorium scitamineum and Ceratocystis paradoxa. The increased activity of genes controlling free radical metabolism may at least in part accounts for the increased tolerance to pathogens. Nitrogen-fixation was confirmed in sugarcane inoculated with B. megaterium and B. mycoides strains using N-balance and 15N2 isotope dilution in different plant parts of sugarcane. This is the first report of Bacillus mycoides as a nitrogen-fixing rhizobacterium in sugarcane.

Scientific Publication
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