Waste Management

Freiberg, Y. - Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7528809, Israel; Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 76100, Israel.

Phosphorous dissolution and ensuing chemical redistribution of P in organic amendments (OA) were studied by applying a modified Hedley selective fractionation to eight water-extracted and unextracted OAs. Nine 7-day, repeated extractions were applied using a 60:1 water:dry OA (v:w) ratio at pH 8. Eight OAs were tested including five biosolids, broiler litter, dairy manure compost and municipal solid waste compost. The average PWEP9 (percent water-extractable P following nine water-extraction cycles) for the OAs was 65 ± 9% and all of the fractions, with almost no exceptions, contributed to that figure. Organic P was depleted by mineralization (in non-stabilized sludges and broiler litter) or dissolution (stabilized composts) or both (in lime-treated biosolids) and that depletion was completed within 1–2 extraction cycles. Only the organic P of the MSWC remained undepleted. Strong linear correlations were observed between the WEP9 values of the OAs (0.8–21 g P kg−1) and several more easily determined properties, including total P content (r2 = 0.84), organic N content (r2 = 0.82), the sum of Hedley's more easily dissolved SRP (soluble reactive P) and OP (r2 = 0.95), and the total P and SRP extracted by 16 h of shaking with the bicarbonate reagent (r2 ≥ 0.90). These findings indicate that if greater P availability is desired, the stabilization of biosolids and biowastes should be minimized. These insights into the relationships between OA characteristics and P solubility may benefit the use of OAs in agricultural systems and aid assessments of the environmental significance of their use.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Effects of the origins and stabilization of biosolids and biowastes on their phosphorous composition and extractability
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Freiberg, Y. - Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, ARO, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7528809, Israel; Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 76100, Israel.

Effects of the origins and stabilization of biosolids and biowastes on their phosphorous composition and extractability

Phosphorous dissolution and ensuing chemical redistribution of P in organic amendments (OA) were studied by applying a modified Hedley selective fractionation to eight water-extracted and unextracted OAs. Nine 7-day, repeated extractions were applied using a 60:1 water:dry OA (v:w) ratio at pH 8. Eight OAs were tested including five biosolids, broiler litter, dairy manure compost and municipal solid waste compost. The average PWEP9 (percent water-extractable P following nine water-extraction cycles) for the OAs was 65 ± 9% and all of the fractions, with almost no exceptions, contributed to that figure. Organic P was depleted by mineralization (in non-stabilized sludges and broiler litter) or dissolution (stabilized composts) or both (in lime-treated biosolids) and that depletion was completed within 1–2 extraction cycles. Only the organic P of the MSWC remained undepleted. Strong linear correlations were observed between the WEP9 values of the OAs (0.8–21 g P kg−1) and several more easily determined properties, including total P content (r2 = 0.84), organic N content (r2 = 0.82), the sum of Hedley's more easily dissolved SRP (soluble reactive P) and OP (r2 = 0.95), and the total P and SRP extracted by 16 h of shaking with the bicarbonate reagent (r2 ≥ 0.90). These findings indicate that if greater P availability is desired, the stabilization of biosolids and biowastes should be minimized. These insights into the relationships between OA characteristics and P solubility may benefit the use of OAs in agricultural systems and aid assessments of the environmental significance of their use.

Scientific Publication