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Postharvest Biology and Technology

 Mihiret, M. - Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P. O. Box 12, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.
 Fennec, A. - Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P. O. Box 12, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.

Accessions of Cucurbita pepo vary in the sensitivity of their young fruit (summer squash) to chilling injury (CI). The dominant gene B (Bicolor), which confers yellow fruit coloration, is known to increase susceptibility of summer squash to CI as compared with green, b/b, fruit. Another dominant gene, D (Dark stem), confers dark plant stems and somewhat enhanced coloration of the young fruit. However, the effect of this gene on chilling sensitivity of summer squash is unknown. Freshly harvested fruit of vegetable marrow-type summer squash from four near-isogenic genotypes, B/B D/D, B/B d/d, b/b D/D, and b/b d/d, were stored for 14 d at three temperature regimes, 4–5, 8–9, and 11–12 °C. Storage at 4–5 °C resulted in CI development in the fruit of all four genotypes. The yellow, B/B genotypes suffered injury also at 8–9 °C, especially the fruit of the light yellow, B/B d/d genotype that showed slight CI symptoms even at 11–12 °C. Chilling tolerance of the genotypes was in accordance with the total tocopherol contents of their exocarp, being highest in the green-skinned b/b accessions and lowest in the light yellow B/B d/d genotype. Relatively higher tocopherol content and lower CI severity were observed in the fruit of the enhanced-yellow B/B D/D genotype. The dominant D allele can partially alleviate the CI sensitivity of summer squash that is conferred by the dominant B allele.

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תנאי שימוש
Chilling sensitivity of four near-isogenic fruit-color genotypes of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae) and its association with tocopherol content
168

 Mihiret, M. - Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P. O. Box 12, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.
 Fennec, A. - Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, 68 HaMaccabim Road, P.O. Box 15159, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel; The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P. O. Box 12, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.

Chilling sensitivity of four near-isogenic fruit-color genotypes of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae) and its association with tocopherol content

Accessions of Cucurbita pepo vary in the sensitivity of their young fruit (summer squash) to chilling injury (CI). The dominant gene B (Bicolor), which confers yellow fruit coloration, is known to increase susceptibility of summer squash to CI as compared with green, b/b, fruit. Another dominant gene, D (Dark stem), confers dark plant stems and somewhat enhanced coloration of the young fruit. However, the effect of this gene on chilling sensitivity of summer squash is unknown. Freshly harvested fruit of vegetable marrow-type summer squash from four near-isogenic genotypes, B/B D/D, B/B d/d, b/b D/D, and b/b d/d, were stored for 14 d at three temperature regimes, 4–5, 8–9, and 11–12 °C. Storage at 4–5 °C resulted in CI development in the fruit of all four genotypes. The yellow, B/B genotypes suffered injury also at 8–9 °C, especially the fruit of the light yellow, B/B d/d genotype that showed slight CI symptoms even at 11–12 °C. Chilling tolerance of the genotypes was in accordance with the total tocopherol contents of their exocarp, being highest in the green-skinned b/b accessions and lowest in the light yellow B/B d/d genotype. Relatively higher tocopherol content and lower CI severity were observed in the fruit of the enhanced-yellow B/B D/D genotype. The dominant D allele can partially alleviate the CI sensitivity of summer squash that is conferred by the dominant B allele.

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