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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Efficient ammonia recovery from wastewater using electrically conducting gas stripping membranes
Year:
2020
Source of publication :
Environmental Science: Nano
Authors :
פוסמניק, רועי
;
.
Volume :
6
Co-Authors:

Arpita Iddya - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.

Dianxun Hou - Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA.

 Chia Miang Khor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA   
Zhiyong Ren - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.     
Jefferson Tester - Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Energy Systems Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.   
Amit Gross - Zuckerburg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel.  
David Jassby - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.  

 

Facilitators :
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Abstract:

Recovery of nutrients, such as ammonia, from wastewater offers an attractive approach to increase the overall sustainability of waste management practices. Conventional wastewater treatment processes require significant energy input, and the useful form of nitrogen (ammonia), is usually lost. Ammonia, a major component of fertilizers, is conventionally manufactured using the Haber–Bosch process, which accounts for approximately 2% of worldwide energy demand. A better approach would efficiently capture ammonia directly from the wastewater. In this study, ammonia is recovered directly by using an electrically conducting gas-stripping membrane that is immersed into a wastewater reactor. Under cathodic potentials, these membranes were used to facilitate conversion of ammonium (NH4+) into ammonia (NH3), which was then extracted by either circulating an acid solution or by applying a vacuum on the back side of the membrane. The mechanism involves water electrolysis, which generates OH, and transforms ammonium to ammonia that is stripped through the membrane. By engineering the surface and transport properties of the membrane 68.8 ± 8.0 g N per m2 d−1 of ammonia was recovered, with an energy consumption of 7.1 ± 1.1 kW h kg−1 N.

Note:
Related Files :
ammonia recovery
ammonium (NH4+)
gas stripping membranes
Wastewater
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1039/C9EN01303B
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
48701
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
21/07/2020 17:24
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Scientific Publication
Efficient ammonia recovery from wastewater using electrically conducting gas stripping membranes
6

Arpita Iddya - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.

Dianxun Hou - Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA.

 Chia Miang Khor - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA   
Zhiyong Ren - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.     
Jefferson Tester - Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Energy Systems Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.   
Amit Gross - Zuckerburg Institute for Water Research, Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel.  
David Jassby - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.  

 

Efficient ammonia recovery from wastewater using electrically conducting gas stripping membranes

Recovery of nutrients, such as ammonia, from wastewater offers an attractive approach to increase the overall sustainability of waste management practices. Conventional wastewater treatment processes require significant energy input, and the useful form of nitrogen (ammonia), is usually lost. Ammonia, a major component of fertilizers, is conventionally manufactured using the Haber–Bosch process, which accounts for approximately 2% of worldwide energy demand. A better approach would efficiently capture ammonia directly from the wastewater. In this study, ammonia is recovered directly by using an electrically conducting gas-stripping membrane that is immersed into a wastewater reactor. Under cathodic potentials, these membranes were used to facilitate conversion of ammonium (NH4+) into ammonia (NH3), which was then extracted by either circulating an acid solution or by applying a vacuum on the back side of the membrane. The mechanism involves water electrolysis, which generates OH, and transforms ammonium to ammonia that is stripped through the membrane. By engineering the surface and transport properties of the membrane 68.8 ± 8.0 g N per m2 d−1 of ammonia was recovered, with an energy consumption of 7.1 ± 1.1 kW h kg−1 N.

Scientific Publication
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