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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Phospholipase C From Alternaria alternata Is Induced by Physiochemical Cues on the Pear Fruit Surface That Dictate Infection Structure Differentiation and Pathogenicity
Year:
2020
Source of publication :
Frontiers in Microbiology
Authors :
פרוסקי, דב
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Yi Huang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yongcai Li  - Institute of Postharvest and Food Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel.

Dongmei Li  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yang Bi  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Dov B Prusky  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China. Institute of Postharvest and Food Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel.

Yupeng Dong  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Tiaolan Wang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Miao Zhang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Xuemei Zhang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yongxiang Liu  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:

To investigate the mechanisms of phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated calcium (Ca2+) signaling in Alternaria alternata, the regulatory roles of PLC were elucidated using neomycin, a specific inhibitor of PLC activity. Three isotypes of PLC designated AaPLC1, AaPLC2, and AaPLC3 were identified in A. alternata through genome sequencing. qRT-PCR analysis showed that fruit wax extracts significantly upregulated the expression of all three PLC genes in vitro. Pharmacological experiments showed that neomycin treatment led to a dose-dependent reduction in spore germination and appressorium formation in A. alternata. Appressorium formation was stimulated on hydrophobic and pear wax-coated surfaces but was significantly inhibited by neomycin treatment. The appressorium formation rates of neomycin treated A. alternata on hydrophobic and wax-coated surfaces decreased by 86.6 and 47.4%, respectively. After 4 h of treatment, exogenous CaCl2 could partially reverse the effects of neomycin treatment. Neomycin also affected mycotoxin production in alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), altenuene (ALT), and tentoxin (TEN), with exogenous Ca2+ partially reversing these effects. These results suggest that PLC is required for the growth, infection structure differentiation, and secondary metabolism of A. alternata in response to physiochemical signals on the pear fruit surface.

Note:
Related Files :
Alternaria alternata
calcium signal pathway
Hydrophobicity
pear fruit wax
phospholipase C
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.3389/fmicb.2020.01279
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
48708
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
27/07/2020 16:35
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Scientific Publication
Phospholipase C From Alternaria alternata Is Induced by Physiochemical Cues on the Pear Fruit Surface That Dictate Infection Structure Differentiation and Pathogenicity

Yi Huang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yongcai Li  - Institute of Postharvest and Food Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel.

Dongmei Li  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yang Bi  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Dov B Prusky  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China. Institute of Postharvest and Food Sciences, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel.

Yupeng Dong  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Tiaolan Wang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Miao Zhang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Xuemei Zhang  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Yongxiang Liu  - College of Food Science and Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Phospholipase C From Alternaria alternata Is Induced by Physiochemical Cues on the Pear Fruit Surface That Dictate Infection Structure Differentiation and Pathogenicity

To investigate the mechanisms of phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated calcium (Ca2+) signaling in Alternaria alternata, the regulatory roles of PLC were elucidated using neomycin, a specific inhibitor of PLC activity. Three isotypes of PLC designated AaPLC1, AaPLC2, and AaPLC3 were identified in A. alternata through genome sequencing. qRT-PCR analysis showed that fruit wax extracts significantly upregulated the expression of all three PLC genes in vitro. Pharmacological experiments showed that neomycin treatment led to a dose-dependent reduction in spore germination and appressorium formation in A. alternata. Appressorium formation was stimulated on hydrophobic and pear wax-coated surfaces but was significantly inhibited by neomycin treatment. The appressorium formation rates of neomycin treated A. alternata on hydrophobic and wax-coated surfaces decreased by 86.6 and 47.4%, respectively. After 4 h of treatment, exogenous CaCl2 could partially reverse the effects of neomycin treatment. Neomycin also affected mycotoxin production in alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), altenuene (ALT), and tentoxin (TEN), with exogenous Ca2+ partially reversing these effects. These results suggest that PLC is required for the growth, infection structure differentiation, and secondary metabolism of A. alternata in response to physiochemical signals on the pear fruit surface.

Scientific Publication
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