נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
תחביר
חפש...
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
ניהול
קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Bulk and water-extractable organic matter from compost: evaluation of the selective dissolution in water using infrared absorbance ratios
Year:
2020
Authors :
בוריסובר, מיכאל
;
.
לוי, גיא
;
.
נסונובה, אלה
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Land application of composts affects concentration and composition of dissolved organic matter (OM) which plays important roles in soil functioning and may have effects on spreading of environmental pollution. Linking between the composition of bulk compost OM and its water-soluble fraction may, therefore, allow better understanding and prediction of the environmental impact of compost added to soil. The objectives of this study were to (i) examine composition-based links between bulk compost OM and water-extractable OM (WEOM), and (ii) evaluate and quantify selectivity of bulk compost OM dissolution, based on infrared (IR) absorbing functional groups. For that, 8 different composts and their freeze-dried WEOMs were characterized by mid-IR transmission spectroscopy. Compositions of compost OM and of WEOM were characterized in terms of ratios (R) defined on the basis of both areas and heights of specific IR absorbance bands in relation to absorbance by aliphatic CH groups. A simple novel approach is suggested, whereby selective dissolution of compost OM components is quantified by relating the R values determined for WEOM to those associated with compost OM. Significant similarities of IR spectra found in a series of WEOMs (and, to a lesser extent, in a series of compost OMs) suggest significant contributions of OM carboxylic groups to various bands. IR absorbance of compost OM contributed by hydrophilic and, specifically, carboxyl and carboxylate groups, when related to absorbance by aliphatic CH groups, can be used for predicting the indices characterizing WEOM composition, such as IR absorbance-based R values and aromaticity estimated from specific UV absorbance.

Note:
Related Files :
compost
DOM
fractionation
FTIR
Selective dissolution
SUVA254
Water-extractable organic matter
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s11356-020-10153-z
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
48852
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
06/08/2020 01:02
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Bulk and water-extractable organic matter from compost: evaluation of the selective dissolution in water using infrared absorbance ratios
Bulk and water-extractable organic matter from compost: evaluation of the selective dissolution in water using infrared absorbance ratios

Land application of composts affects concentration and composition of dissolved organic matter (OM) which plays important roles in soil functioning and may have effects on spreading of environmental pollution. Linking between the composition of bulk compost OM and its water-soluble fraction may, therefore, allow better understanding and prediction of the environmental impact of compost added to soil. The objectives of this study were to (i) examine composition-based links between bulk compost OM and water-extractable OM (WEOM), and (ii) evaluate and quantify selectivity of bulk compost OM dissolution, based on infrared (IR) absorbing functional groups. For that, 8 different composts and their freeze-dried WEOMs were characterized by mid-IR transmission spectroscopy. Compositions of compost OM and of WEOM were characterized in terms of ratios (R) defined on the basis of both areas and heights of specific IR absorbance bands in relation to absorbance by aliphatic CH groups. A simple novel approach is suggested, whereby selective dissolution of compost OM components is quantified by relating the R values determined for WEOM to those associated with compost OM. Significant similarities of IR spectra found in a series of WEOMs (and, to a lesser extent, in a series of compost OMs) suggest significant contributions of OM carboxylic groups to various bands. IR absorbance of compost OM contributed by hydrophilic and, specifically, carboxyl and carboxylate groups, when related to absorbance by aliphatic CH groups, can be used for predicting the indices characterizing WEOM composition, such as IR absorbance-based R values and aromaticity estimated from specific UV absorbance.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in