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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Nitrogen availability and genotype affect major nutritional quality parameters of tef grain grown under irrigation
Year:
2020
Source of publication :
Scientific Reports
Authors :
ירמיהו, אורי
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:

Tietel, Z. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Simhon, E. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel; Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Gashu, K. - Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel; Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Ananth, D.A. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Schwartz, B. - Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Saranga, Y. - Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Yermiyahu, U. - Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel

Facilitators :
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Total pages:
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Abstract:

Worldwide demand for tef (Eragrostis tef) as a functional food for human consumption is increasing, thanks to its nutritional benefits and gluten-free properties. As a result, tef in now grown outside its native environment in Ethiopia and thus information is required regarding plant nutrition demands in these areas, as well as resulting grain health-related composition. In the current work, two tef genotypes were grown in Israel under irrigation in two platforms, plots in the field and pots in a greenhouse, with four and five nitrogen treatments, respectively. Nutritional and health-related quality traits were analyzed, including mineral content, fatty acid composition, hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidative capacity, total phenolic content and basic polyphenolic profile. Our results show that tef genotypes differ in their nutritional composition, e.g. higher phenolic contents in the brown compared to the white genotype. Additionally, nitrogen availability positively affected grain fatty acid composition and iron levels in both experiments, while negatively affecting total phenolics in the field trials. To conclude, nitrogen fertilization is crucial for crop growth and productivity, however it also implicates nutritional value of the grains as food. These effects should be considered when fertilizing tef with nitrogen, to optimize both crop productivity and nutritional effects.

Note:
Related Files :
genotype
irrigation
nitrogen availability
teff
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
49830
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
09/09/2020 13:30
Scientific Publication
Nitrogen availability and genotype affect major nutritional quality parameters of tef grain grown under irrigation
10

Tietel, Z. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Simhon, E. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel; Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Gashu, K. - Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel; Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Ananth, D.A. - Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel
Schwartz, B. - Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Saranga, Y. - Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Yermiyahu, U. - Soil Chemistry, Plant Nutrition and Microbiology, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, 8531100, Israel

Nitrogen availability and genotype affect major nutritional quality parameters of tef grain grown under irrigation

Worldwide demand for tef (Eragrostis tef) as a functional food for human consumption is increasing, thanks to its nutritional benefits and gluten-free properties. As a result, tef in now grown outside its native environment in Ethiopia and thus information is required regarding plant nutrition demands in these areas, as well as resulting grain health-related composition. In the current work, two tef genotypes were grown in Israel under irrigation in two platforms, plots in the field and pots in a greenhouse, with four and five nitrogen treatments, respectively. Nutritional and health-related quality traits were analyzed, including mineral content, fatty acid composition, hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidative capacity, total phenolic content and basic polyphenolic profile. Our results show that tef genotypes differ in their nutritional composition, e.g. higher phenolic contents in the brown compared to the white genotype. Additionally, nitrogen availability positively affected grain fatty acid composition and iron levels in both experiments, while negatively affecting total phenolics in the field trials. To conclude, nitrogen fertilization is crucial for crop growth and productivity, however it also implicates nutritional value of the grains as food. These effects should be considered when fertilizing tef with nitrogen, to optimize both crop productivity and nutritional effects.

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