חיפוש מתקדם
Annals of Applied Biology

Markham, P.G.; Townsend, R.; Daniels, M.J.; Plaskitt, A.; Meddins, B.M.

A spiroplasma isolated from citrus with little‐leaf disease was grown in a cell‐free medium and injected into leafhoppers (Euscelis plebejus) Injected leafhoppers, but not those fed on infected plants, transmitted the spiroplasma to white clover (Trifolium repens cv. S100) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis cv. Valencia). Infected clover plants were severely stunted; infected sweet orange plants showed typical symptoms of citrus little‐leaf disease. The spiroplasma was detected in clover and sweet orange plants by electron microscopy; the helical morphology of the organisms was most easily recognizable in sections 150–200 nm thick. The organism was re‐isolated in cell‐free media both from infected plants and from injected E. plebejus. The original isolate and those re‐isolated from experimentally infected clover and sweet orange appeared by morphological, cultural, biochemical and serological criteria to be identical to each other and to the R8‐A2 (type) and C‐189 strains of Spiroplasma citri. Serological tests and electrophoretic analysis of protein preparations indicated no relationship to Acholeplasma laidlawii, although this organism survived for at least 10 wk after injection into E. plebejus. Our results show that the causal agent of little‐leaf disease is related to S. citri.

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Spiroplasmas are the causal agents of citrus little‐leaf disease
78

Markham, P.G.; Townsend, R.; Daniels, M.J.; Plaskitt, A.; Meddins, B.M.

Spiroplasmas are the causal agents of citrus little‐leaf disease

A spiroplasma isolated from citrus with little‐leaf disease was grown in a cell‐free medium and injected into leafhoppers (Euscelis plebejus) Injected leafhoppers, but not those fed on infected plants, transmitted the spiroplasma to white clover (Trifolium repens cv. S100) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis cv. Valencia). Infected clover plants were severely stunted; infected sweet orange plants showed typical symptoms of citrus little‐leaf disease. The spiroplasma was detected in clover and sweet orange plants by electron microscopy; the helical morphology of the organisms was most easily recognizable in sections 150–200 nm thick. The organism was re‐isolated in cell‐free media both from infected plants and from injected E. plebejus. The original isolate and those re‐isolated from experimentally infected clover and sweet orange appeared by morphological, cultural, biochemical and serological criteria to be identical to each other and to the R8‐A2 (type) and C‐189 strains of Spiroplasma citri. Serological tests and electrophoretic analysis of protein preparations indicated no relationship to Acholeplasma laidlawii, although this organism survived for at least 10 wk after injection into E. plebejus. Our results show that the causal agent of little‐leaf disease is related to S. citri.

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