נגישות
menu      
חיפוש מתקדם
תחביר
חפש...
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
ניהול
קהילה:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Early production of table olives at a mid-7th millennium BP submerged site off the Carmel coast (Israel)
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Scientific Reports
Authors :
ברזני, עוז
;
.
דג, ארנון
;
.
Volume :
11
Co-Authors:

Galili, E. - Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel; POB 180, Atlit, 3033731, Israel; Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Langgut, D._  Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments, Institute of Archaeology, and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 6997801, Israel
Terral, J.F. _ Institut Des Sciences de L’Evolution de Montpellier UMR 5554, Université de Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon - CC065, Montpellier Cedex 5, 34095, France; LIA (Laboratoire International Associé) - IRP (International Research Program) EVOLEA (INEE CNRS), Montpellier, France.
Barazani, O. _  Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Plant Sciences, Rishon Le Zion, 7505101, Israel
Dag, A. _ Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Gilat, 85280, Israel.
olska Horwitz, L. _ National Natural History Collections, Faculty of Life Science, The Hebrew University, E. Safra Campus, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Ogloblin Ramirez, I. - Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel.
Rosen, B. _
Independent Researcher, 26 Kaplanski Street, Petah Tiqva, Israel 
Weinstein-Evron, M. _
Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Chaim, S. _ Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Kremer, E. _ Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments, Institute of Archaeology, and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 6997801, Israel
Lev-Yadun, S. _ Department of Biology and Environment, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tiv’on, 36006, Israel.
Boaretto, E. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel
Ben-Barak-Zelas, Z. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel
Fishman, A. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

We present here the earliest evidence for large-scale table olive production from the mid-7th millennium BP inundated site of Hishuley Carmel on the northern Mediterranean coast of Israel. Olive pit size and fragmentation patterns, pollen as well as the architecture of installations associated with pits from this site, were compared to finds from the nearby and slightly earlier submerged Kfar Samir site. Results indicate that at Kfar Samir olive oil was extracted, while at Hishuley Carmel the data showed that large quantities of table olives, the oldest reported to date, were prepared. This process was most probably facilitated by the site’s proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, which served as a source of both sea water and salt required for debittering/pickling/salting the fruit, as experimentally demonstrated in this study. Comparison of pit morphometry from modern cultivars, wild-growing trees and the archaeological sites, intimates that in pit morphology the ancient pits resemble wild olives, but we cannot totally exclude the possibility that they derive from early cultivated trees. Our findings demonstrate that in this region, olive oil production may have predated table olive preparation, with each development serving as a milestone in the early exploitation of the olive.

Note:
Related Files :
archeology
Carmel
Olive production
Table olives
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1038/s41598-020-80772-6
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
53359
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
07/02/2021 17:26
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Early production of table olives at a mid-7th millennium BP submerged site off the Carmel coast (Israel)
11

Galili, E. - Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel; POB 180, Atlit, 3033731, Israel; Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Langgut, D._  Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments, Institute of Archaeology, and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 6997801, Israel
Terral, J.F. _ Institut Des Sciences de L’Evolution de Montpellier UMR 5554, Université de Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon - CC065, Montpellier Cedex 5, 34095, France; LIA (Laboratoire International Associé) - IRP (International Research Program) EVOLEA (INEE CNRS), Montpellier, France.
Barazani, O. _  Agricultural Research Organization, Institute of Plant Sciences, Rishon Le Zion, 7505101, Israel
Dag, A. _ Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, M.P. Negev, Gilat, 85280, Israel.
olska Horwitz, L. _ National Natural History Collections, Faculty of Life Science, The Hebrew University, E. Safra Campus, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
Ogloblin Ramirez, I. - Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel.
Rosen, B. _
Independent Researcher, 26 Kaplanski Street, Petah Tiqva, Israel 
Weinstein-Evron, M. _
Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Chaim, S. _ Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, Aba Khoushy Ave. 199, Mount Carmel, Haifa, 3498838, Israel
Kremer, E. _ Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments, Institute of Archaeology, and The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 6997801, Israel
Lev-Yadun, S. _ Department of Biology and Environment, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tiv’on, 36006, Israel.
Boaretto, E. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel
Ben-Barak-Zelas, Z. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel
Fishman, A. _ D-REAMS Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Scientific Archaeology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel

Early production of table olives at a mid-7th millennium BP submerged site off the Carmel coast (Israel)

We present here the earliest evidence for large-scale table olive production from the mid-7th millennium BP inundated site of Hishuley Carmel on the northern Mediterranean coast of Israel. Olive pit size and fragmentation patterns, pollen as well as the architecture of installations associated with pits from this site, were compared to finds from the nearby and slightly earlier submerged Kfar Samir site. Results indicate that at Kfar Samir olive oil was extracted, while at Hishuley Carmel the data showed that large quantities of table olives, the oldest reported to date, were prepared. This process was most probably facilitated by the site’s proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, which served as a source of both sea water and salt required for debittering/pickling/salting the fruit, as experimentally demonstrated in this study. Comparison of pit morphometry from modern cultivars, wild-growing trees and the archaeological sites, intimates that in pit morphology the ancient pits resemble wild olives, but we cannot totally exclude the possibility that they derive from early cultivated trees. Our findings demonstrate that in this region, olive oil production may have predated table olive preparation, with each development serving as a milestone in the early exploitation of the olive.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in