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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Ghrelin, via corticotropin-releasing factor receptors, reduces glucose uptake and increases lipid content in mouse myoblasts cells
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Physiological Reports
Authors :
אלבז, מיכל
;
.
גרשון, ערן
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Michal Elbaz  

Eran Gershon

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Ghrelin and the corticotropin‐releasing factor (CRF) family are known regulators of cellular metabolism and energy balance. We previously demonstrated that myoblast glucose metabolism is regulated by ghrelin and that this effect is mediated by CRF receptor type 2 (CRF‐R2). Here we explored the effect of des‐acyl ghrelin, the major circulating isoform of ghrelin, on cellular metabolism in mouse myoblast C2C12 cells, and examined whether CRF family receptors mediate its metabolic effects in muscle cells. C2C12 cells were exposed to des‐acyl ghrelin with or without the CRF‐R1‐ and CRF‐R2‐specific antagonists antalarmin or antisauvagine‐30, respectively. Des‐acyl ghrelin reduced glucose uptake and expression of the glucose transporter GLUT4, but induced retinol‐binding protein 4 (RBP4) expression. Antalarmin and antisauvagine‐30 inhibited the induction of glucose uptake by des‐acyl ghrelin and its effect on GLUT4 and RBP4 expression. Moreover, treating C2C12 cells with des‐acyl ghrelin resulted in cAMP activation in response to the CRF‐R1‐specific ligand stressin, and the CRF‐R2‐specific ligand Ucn3. Furthermore, des‐acyl ghrelin reduced the expression of uncoupling proteins UCP2 and UCP3. Adding antalarmin or antisauvagine‐30 to the medium reversed this effect. Finally, des‐acyl ghrelin elevated lipid content and acetyl‐CoA carboxylase expression in C2C12 cells. Our results suggest that during food deprivation, des‐acyl ghrelin signals the muscle cells that glucose levels are low and that they should switch to fatty acids for their metabolic fuel.

Note:
Related Files :
C2C12 cell
CRF receptor
des‐acyl ghrelin
glucose metabolism
lipid metabolism
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.14814/phy2.14654
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
53418
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
10/02/2021 22:09
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Scientific Publication
Ghrelin, via corticotropin-releasing factor receptors, reduces glucose uptake and increases lipid content in mouse myoblasts cells

Michal Elbaz  

Eran Gershon

Ghrelin, via corticotropin-releasing factor receptors, reduces glucose uptake and increases lipid content in mouse myoblasts cells

Ghrelin and the corticotropin‐releasing factor (CRF) family are known regulators of cellular metabolism and energy balance. We previously demonstrated that myoblast glucose metabolism is regulated by ghrelin and that this effect is mediated by CRF receptor type 2 (CRF‐R2). Here we explored the effect of des‐acyl ghrelin, the major circulating isoform of ghrelin, on cellular metabolism in mouse myoblast C2C12 cells, and examined whether CRF family receptors mediate its metabolic effects in muscle cells. C2C12 cells were exposed to des‐acyl ghrelin with or without the CRF‐R1‐ and CRF‐R2‐specific antagonists antalarmin or antisauvagine‐30, respectively. Des‐acyl ghrelin reduced glucose uptake and expression of the glucose transporter GLUT4, but induced retinol‐binding protein 4 (RBP4) expression. Antalarmin and antisauvagine‐30 inhibited the induction of glucose uptake by des‐acyl ghrelin and its effect on GLUT4 and RBP4 expression. Moreover, treating C2C12 cells with des‐acyl ghrelin resulted in cAMP activation in response to the CRF‐R1‐specific ligand stressin, and the CRF‐R2‐specific ligand Ucn3. Furthermore, des‐acyl ghrelin reduced the expression of uncoupling proteins UCP2 and UCP3. Adding antalarmin or antisauvagine‐30 to the medium reversed this effect. Finally, des‐acyl ghrelin elevated lipid content and acetyl‐CoA carboxylase expression in C2C12 cells. Our results suggest that during food deprivation, des‐acyl ghrelin signals the muscle cells that glucose levels are low and that they should switch to fatty acids for their metabolic fuel.

Scientific Publication
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